The Medically Reproducing Bariatric Surgery (MRB) II Study

D

Durham VA Medical Center

Status and phase

Begins enrollment this month
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Obesity
Type 2 Diabetes

Treatments

Other: Very Low Calorie Diet

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other U.S. Federal agency
Industry

Identifiers

NCT06363747
123456

Details and patient eligibility

About

Roux-en-Y (RYGB) gastric bypass reduces the size and capacity of the stomach and bypasses a portion of the small intestine which leads to decreased food intake and higher levels of a gut hormone called GLP-1 (glucagon-like-peptide-1). These changes lead to weight loss, improved blood sugars and often remission of type 2 diabetes but most patients do not qualify or want surgery. The investigators are searching for ways to make the beneficial effects of RYGB available to most type 2 diabetes patients rather than a select few that undergo RYGB. The investigators believe that parts of RYGB can be medically reproduced through a combination of diet and medicine. Once weekly injectable GLP-1 medicine that leads to weight loss and improved blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes are now FDA approved. Optifast is a medically supervised diet that safely reduces calorie intake to 800 calories per day for three months by replacing normal meals with specially prepared bars and shakes which leads to weight loss and improved blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes. Normal meals are then gradually reintroduced over 6 weeks and the bars/shakes are stopped. The investigators hypothesize that Optifast (diet) + once weekly GLP-1 will lead to weight loss and improvement in blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes similar to what is seen after RYGB.

Full description

MRB II is a two arm 50-week study that will recruit Veteran DM2 patients already on a stable dose of a GLP-1 agonist +/- DM2 agents. The investigators will recruit 50 patients and assign 25 subjects to the control arm and 25 subjects to the experimental arm. The control and experimental arm (n=25) will have in-person visits with the study PI, certified diabetes educator (CDE) and behavioral psychologist (Psych) at baseline, week 12, week 24 and week 48 to optimize glycemic control. Visits with the PI will be one-on-one but visits with CDE/Psych will be shared-medical appointments. Furthermore, the experimental arm (n=25) will also be enrolled in the Optifast medical weight loss program starting with a 2-week run-in phase to determine if they are able to tolerate Isocaloric Optifast (7 meal replacements/day) while also minimizing significant weight loss prior to the start of the study. The patients in the experimental arm successfully completing the run-in phase will then continue and enter the 50-week study.

Enrollment

50 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

25 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • male or female
  • age 25-75 years
  • BMI >27
  • diagnosis of type 2 diabetes
  • weight stable for 1 month
  • hemoglobin A1C >7.0%
  • on stable dose of once weekly GLP-1 agonist
  • on oral or injectable DM2 medicines
  • interested in losing weight
  • agreeable to regular visits per study protocol
  • access to telephone and reliable transportation and has a VAMC provider
  • using a Freestyle Libre glucose monitoring device and/or glucometer device

Exclusion criteria

  • age >75,
  • A1C <7%
  • pregnant
  • breast feeding
  • prior history of pancreatitis
  • prior history of gastroparesis
  • history of thyroid cancer/multiple endocrine neoplasia/thyroid nodules/medullary thyroid cancer (contraindication to Liraglutide)
  • history of gallstones
  • history of hyperoxaluria or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis
  • history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or gastric sleeve or any other bariatric procedure,
  • type 1 diabetes
  • any abnormality on the screening EKG that could subject patient to increased risk during the study
  • any gastrointestinal condition causing malabsorption (including but not limited to inflammatory bowel disease, celiac sprue)
  • unwilling or unable to complete scheduled testing
  • any serious and/or unstable medical, psychiatric, or other condition(s) that prevents the patient from providing informed consent or complying with the study
  • organ transplantation or those on immunosuppressants
  • chronic anticoagulation
  • recent myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, coronary artery bypass or transient ischemia attacks in the past 6 months
  • chronic prednisone use
  • hepatitis
  • cirrhosis
  • GFR <50
  • deep vein thrombosis in past 6 months
  • active malignancy
  • unstable psychiatric condition including active or current suicidal ideation
  • enrolled in another research study related to diet and/or physical activity

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

50 participants in 2 patient groups

Standard of Care
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients in the control group will attend four in-person visits with the study coordinator at baseline, week 12, week 24, and week 48 to measure study outcomes. Patients will get medical drug management (endocrinologist), nutritional/behavioral counseling (dietician, psychologist) and will be maintained on once weekly GLP-1 agonist +/- other diabetic medicines.
Very Low Calorie Diet
Experimental group
Description:
Patients in the experimental group will attend 4 in-person visits with the study coordinator at baseline, week 12, week 24, and week 48 to measure study outcomes. Additionally, they will undergo a 2 week run-in phase before baseline with weekly meetings to ensure that they are able to tolerate and comply with Optifast. Patients will get medical drug management (endocrinologist), nutritional/behavioral counseling (dietician, psychologist) and will be maintained on Optifast + once weekly GLP-1 agonist +/- other diabetic medicines.
Treatment:
Other: Very Low Calorie Diet

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Sandra Garcia Juarez, BS

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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