The Non-Specific Immunological Effects of Providing Oral Polio Vaccine to Seniors in Guinea-Bissau

B

Bandim Health Project

Status and phase

Invitation-only
Phase 4

Conditions

Vaccine Reaction

Treatments

Biological: Oral polio vaccine
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06266754
OPV-IMMUNO-ADULT

Details and patient eligibility

About

OPV is the live attenuated vaccine against polio virus. OPV has been key in almost eradicating polio infection. Intriguingly, OPV has been associated with lower all-cause mortality and morbidity. These beneficial OPV effects were seen in contexts with no circulating polio virus and thus have nothing to do with the specific effects of OPV against polio infection. They have been coined "non-specific effects" (NSEs). Such NSEs have also been observed for other live attenuated vaccines such as BCG vaccine and measles vaccine. The underlying immunological mechanisms are unknown. Other live vaccines with beneficial NSEs have been shown to induce epigenetic changes leading to "trained immunity". They have also been associated with decreased inflammation. In the present study it will be investigates whether OPV can induce trained immunity, reduce inflammation, and induce epigenetic modifications of the innate immune cells in senior citizens in Guinea-Bissau.

Full description

The aim is to study the non-specific immunological effects of providing a single dose of OPV to seniors aged 50 and above in Guinea-Bissau: Hypotheses OPV induces innate immune training (substudy A) OPV is associated with reduced systemic inflammation (substudy A) OPV induces epigenetic modifications of the innate immune cells (substudy B) Setting: Bandim Health Project (BHP)'s Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in Bissau. Design: Individually randomized trial in BHP's study area. Participants will be randomized 1:1 to OPV or placebo. To limit the amount of blood drawn from one single participant, two substudies with similar design will be conducted, with two different outcomes. The outcomes of the two substudies will be as follows: Substudy A: Immunological impact of OPV. Study the stimulation of cytokine production by heterologous stimuli as a biomarker of trained immunity induction and circulating biomarkers as a mirror of systemic inflammation induced by OPV. Substudy B: Transcriptional and epigenetic reprogramming of immune cells by OPV. Study the transcriptional and epigenetic rewiring of immune cells induced by OPV by single-cell ATAC-Sequencing and RNA-Sequencing.

Enrollment

80 estimated patients

Sex

Male

Ages

50 to 120 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male.
  • Living in a household which had a Bandim Health Project census visit conducted after 1 January 2017.
  • Age above 50.
  • Has a visible BCG scar.

Exclusion criteria

  • Previous adverse events to OPV
  • Suspicion of active viral/bacterial/HIV infection.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

80 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Oral polio vaccine
Experimental group
Description:
Oral polio vaccine, 2 drops on a sugar lump
Treatment:
Biological: Oral polio vaccine
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Saline, 2 drops on a sugar lump
Treatment:
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems