The RAMP Study - Rejuvenation of the Aging Microbiota With Prebiotics

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Stanford University




Immune Function


Dietary Supplement: Prebiotic supplement
Dietary Supplement: Placebo

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


An individual's immune and metabolic status is coupled to consumed carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates that are not digested by human enzymes may influence host biology by impacting microbiota composition and function, or act in a yet-unknown microbiota-independent manner. Prebiotics offer a promising safe route to influence host health, possibly via the microbiota. However, it remains largely unknown to what extent immune function and metabolism can be modulated by prebiotics.

Full description

The objective of this study is to define the impact of a prebiotic supplement on microbiome, immune system, and metabolic status in older adults. This study will determine the degree to which a prebiotic supplement can 1) regulate immune status and function including reducing chronic, systemic inflammation as assessed by high dimensional immune profiling, 2) alter microbiota composition and function, 3) impact the microbiota metabolites-potential normalizers of metabolic and immune dysfunction, and 4) alter metabolic markers.


98 patients




60+ years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 60 years old and older
  • Otherwise, healthy subjects willing and able to provide blood as well as stool specimens
  • Must be able to provide signed and dated informed consent and be willing to follow protocol

Exclusion criteria

  • Body Mass Index >= 40
  • LDL-C > 190 mg/dL
  • Systolic Blood Pressure >160 mmHg OR Diastolic Blood Pressure > 90 mmHg

Use of any of the following drugs/supplements within the last 2 months:

  • systemic antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals or antiparasitics (intravenous, intramuscular, or oral);
  • corticosteroids (intravenous, intramuscular, oral, nasal or inhaled)
  • cytokines
  • methotrexate or immunosuppressive cytotoxic agents
  • metformin
  • proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)

Regular use of any of the following medications:

  • regular dose aspirin (>81mg/day)
  • opiate pain medication
  • Use of large doses of commercial probiotics consumed (greater than or equal to 10-8 cfu or organisms per day) - includes tablets, capsules, lozenges, chewing gum or powders in which probiotic is a primary component. Ordinary dietary components such as fermented beverages/milks, yogurts, foods do not apply.
  • Acute disease at the time of enrollment. Acute disease is defined as the presence of a moderate or severe illness with or without fever. Examples include flu or gastroenteritis. Defer sampling until subject recover.
  • Chronic, clinically significant, unstable (unresolved, requiring on-going changes to medical management or medication) pulmonary, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, hepatic or renal functional abnormality, as determined by medical history. Type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes, and dialysis will be excluded.

History of active uncontrolled gastrointestinal disorders or diseases including:

  • inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) including ulcerative colitis (mild-moderate-severe), Crohn's disease (mild-moderate-severe), or indeterminate colitis;
  • irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (moderate-severe);
  • persistent, infectious gastroenteritis, colitis or gastritis, persistent or chronic diarrhea of unknown etiology, Clostridium difficile infection (recurrent) or Helicobacter pylori infection (untreated).
  • History of active cancer in the past 3 years except for squamous or basal cell carcinomas of the skin that have been medically managed by local excision.
  • Unstable dietary history as defined by major changes in diet during the previous month, where the subject has eliminated or significantly increased a major food group in the diet.
  • Recent history of chronic excessive alcohol consumption defined as more than five 1.5-ounce servings of 80 proof distilled spirits, five 12-ounce servings of beer or five 5-ounce servings of wine per day; or > 14 drinks/week.
  • Positive test for HIV, HBV or HCV.
  • Any confirmed or suspected condition/state of immunosuppression or immunodeficiency (primary or acquired) including HIV infection.
  • Surgery of the GI tract, with the exception of cholecystectomy and appendectomy, in the past five years. Any major bowel resection at any time.
  • Regular/frequent use of smoking or chewing tobacco, e-cigarettes, cigars or other nicotine-containing products.
  • Any confirmed or suspected autoimmune disease. Examples include multiple sclerosis and Graves disease.
  • Veganism.
  • Dairy allergies.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

98 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Placebo group
Placebo Comparator group
Placebo product
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Prebiotic Supplement, low dose
Experimental group
Dietary Supplement: Prebiotic supplement
Prebiotic Supplement, high dose
Experimental group
Dietary Supplement: Prebiotic supplement

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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