The Use of Tranexamic Acid to Reduce Blood Loss in Acetabular Surgery (TXA)

Wake Forest University (WFU) logo

Wake Forest University (WFU)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Acetabular Fractures

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: Tranexamic Acid

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02684851
10-12-06B

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine if patients undergoing acetabular ORIF (open reduction with internal fixation) who receive tranexamic acid have a reduced risk of allogenic blood transfusion, perioperative blood loss, wound complication and higher risk for thromboembolic events compared to patients who receive placebo. Investigators want to determine the cost-effectiveness related to allogenic blood transfusion as a blood loss management strategy in acetabular open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). Orthopaedic surgery carries with it a significant risk for blood loss. Current management of perioperative blood loss is the use of allogenic blood transfusion. Allogenic blood transfusion carries with it a risk for HIV and Hepatitis C as well as multiple adverse reactions. There have been significant efforts to reduce the use of allogenic blood transfusion in orthopaedic surgery. Tranexamic acid, an anti-fibrinolytic agent, has been used in management of blood during surgery. In order to determine the impact of tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss among patients undergoing acetabular ORIF, investigators will conduct a prospective randomized study. Patients undergoing acetabular surgery will be screened for this study. Patients will be then randomized to placebo or tranexamic acid which will be administered during and after surgery. The following data will be collected: patient characteristics, surgery information, blood loss, blood transfusions, wound complication within 30 days of surgery, and cost.

Full description

In this study, investigators plan to prospectively determine the effect of tranexamic acid on blood loss and outcome after surgery to the acetabulum. Patients will be randomized into two groups. In this study, investigators plan to administer a 10mg/kg dose within 30 minutes of surgery followed by a 10mg/kg infusion over a 4hr period to the treatment group (for patients weighting over 100kg, a weight of 100kg will be used for the dose calculation). The control group will receive equal volumes of and rates of normal saline. Research Questions: Do patients undergoing acetabular ORIF who receive tranexamic acid have a reduced risk of allogenic blood transfusion as compared to patients who receive placebo? Do patients undergoing acetabular ORIF who receive tranexamic acid have reduced peri-operative blood loss as compared to patients who receive placebo? Do patients undergoing acetabular ORIF who receive tranexamic acid have a higher risk for thromboembolic events than patients who receive placebo? Do patients undergoing acetabular ORIF who receive tranexamic acid have a reduced risk of wound complications (prolonged wound drainage, return to the OR within 30 days, infection)? Is the use of tranexamic acid cost effective relative to the use of allogenic blood transfusion as a blood loss management strategy in acetabular ORIF?

Enrollment

87 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • All patients aged 18 or above undergoing acetabular ORIF.

Exclusion criteria

  • All patients aged below 18 years undergoing acetabulum surgery
  • Patients with color-blindness (color vision changes used to assess toxicity)
  • Patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.
  • Patients with active intravascular coagulation.
  • Patients with a previous history of venous thromboembolism or with a history of hypercoaguable conditions (i.e. Factor V Leiden, antiphospholipid antibody).
  • Prisoners
  • Pregnant women

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

87 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Inactive
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Tranexamic
Active Comparator group
Description:
Tranexamic acid: anti-fibrinolytic agents
Treatment:
Drug: Tranexamic Acid

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

2

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems