Theory Construction and Effect of Intervention on Pregnant Women With Gestational Hypertension and Endocrine Disorders

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National Taiwan University




Pregnancy-related Complications


Behavioral: cognitive behaviors
Behavioral: Telephone consultation

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Few reports have addressed mental health for women with pregnancy complication over a prolonged time period. Meanwhile, the caring model with intervention for women who have pregnancy complication needs to be developed. The aims of this study are to (1) describe and compare the differences in health indicators during pre-pregnancy, pregnancy and 1 year postpartum; (2) develop the theoretical framework of relationship among health indicators during perinatal period; (3) develop a telephone follow-up and consultation program and examine its effect on women's resilience, depression, anxiety and quality of life. In the first stage, a prospective longitudinal investigation will be performed in women at pregnancy and postpartum. Women with pregnancy-related complications will be recruited. All participants will complete questionnaires that assess demographic characteristics, obstetric and birth history, depression, anxiety, resilience and quality of life. Participants who are in early, middle, late pregnancy, 3-5 days, 1st, 3rd, and 6th month and 1 year postpartum will be contacted to complete the questionnaires by mail or at study site clinics. The sample size was estimated by drop rates and power calculation. Approximately 380 women in early pregnancy will be recruited at a medical center in northern Taiwan. The first stage of this study will be conducted over a 3-year period. In the second stage, randomized control trial with single blind will be used to recruit eligible subjects from women in the waiting room for prenatal examination at a medical center in Taipei. The eligible subjects will be randomized into a control or experimental group. The women in the control group will receive usual care and those in the experimental group will receive four instances of telephone follow-up or face-to-face consultation. Two groups will receive 3 times measurements of depressive symptom, anxiety, resilience and quality of life. Meanwhile, Investigators will assess the health indicators of women's newborn. Data will be analyzed by independent t-test and generalized estimating equations. Forty-eight subjects will be recruited in each group. Totally, 300 subjects will be approached in terms of including a 30% dropout rate. The second stage of this study will be conducted over a 2-year period.


300 estimated patients




20+ years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria

  1. age less than or equal to 20
  2. pregnancy less than 35 weeks
  3. CES-D questionnaire score greater than or equal to 16 points or State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State(STAI-S) questionnaire score greater than 40 points
  4. Ability to speak Chinese or Taiwanese, or willing to use translation services to help complete questionnaires and interventions
  5. Ability to complete follow-up visits and electronic surveys
  6. Agree to participate in the study and sign the consent form

Exclusion criteria

  1. People with chronic diseases or congenital diseases before pregnancy.
  2. Women who are not scheduled to continue to undergo probation or production at the study site.
  3. Those who have major mental illnesses and are unable to complete self-administered questionnaires.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care



Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

300 participants in 2 patient groups

Test Group
Experimental group
Telephone consultation effectiveness and cognitive behaviors
Behavioral: Telephone consultation
Behavioral: cognitive behaviors
Comparison Group
No Intervention group
Routine product inspection

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Shiow-Ru Chang

Data sourced from

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