Therapeutic Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of DW-MSC in COVID-19 Patients



Status and phase

Phase 1


Corona Virus Infection


Drug: allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell
Other: Placebo

Study type


Funder types



U1111-1263-1723 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility


This is a phase 1 clinical trial to verify the safety and efficacy of DW-MSC in COVID-19 patients. A total of 9 subjects are randomly allocated. Subjects who meet the final inclusion and exclusion criteria are randomized to the test groups (low-dose group and high-dose group) or control group (placebo group) in a ratio of 1:1:1. Subjects assigned to the test groups were administered intravenously once with 5 x 10^7cells of DW-MSC for the low-dose group or 1 x 10^8cells for the high-dose group after registration. Subjects assigned to the control group were administered with placebo in the same manner as the test drug (DW-MSC). At this time, all of the existing standard co-treatment are allowed. DW-MSC is adjunct therapy to standard therapy. This clinical trial is a double-blind trial, in which a randomized method will be used. To maintain the double-blindness of the study, statistician who do not participate in this study independently generate randomization code. Subjects will be randomized to the test groups (low-dose group and high-dose group) or the control group (placebo group) in a 1:1:1 ratio. After the completion of the trial, the randomization code will be disclosed after unlocking the database and unblinding procedures. Follow Up period: observed for 28 days after a single administration

Full description

Patients with Covid-19 have a mortality rate of about 35 ~ 50% and currently, severe patients caused by the Coronavirus show respiratory distress. To date, the incidence rate has been more than 3 million each year; however, as the increase and globalization of the environmental pollution has been expanded, the number of patients is expected to increase due to acute diseases such as the Middle East Respiratory virus, SARS, and coronavirus. Since 2015, Daewoong Pharmaceutical intends to use stem cells for product research on rare and intractable diseases including respiratory distress. Stem cells are also called pluripotent cells or truncal cells that can convert to any organ. It is an embryonic stage undifferentiated cell that has stopped differentiating before forming a specific organ whose differentiation has not been determined and has the ability to differentiate into muscle, bone, and internal conformal body organs. There are three types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells, and induced pluripotent stem cells. Daewoong Pharmaceutical intends to develop cell therapy products using mesenchymal stem cells (MSC).


9 patients




19+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age of 19 years or older at the time of screening
  • Those who have been confirmed COVID-19 infection through PCR test
  • Patients with mild or moderate COVID-19 who meet National EWS (0~6)
  • Those who have given written consent and voluntarily decided to participate before the screening procedure after understanding the detailed description of the clinical trial.
  • Those who are suitable as subjects for this clinical study when judged by physical examination, clinical laboratory test, and other medical examination as stated in the flowchart of protocol.

Exclusion criteria

  • Those who have history of hypersensitivity to the components of the investigational product or the reference product
  • Those with viral or bacterial pneumonia other than expected indications
  • Patients receiving organ transplants within 6 months of screening
  • Patients with a history of pulmonary embolism
  • Patients who have indications of investigational products as an underlying disease (ex. HIV patients in the clinical study of antiretroviral drugs)
  • Patients who are pregnant or lactating
  • Those who are determined by the investigator to be unsuitable for participation in the clinical trial due to other reasons including the results of the clinical laboratory test.
  • Patients participating in other clinical studies

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

9 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Low-dose group
Experimental group
Low-dose group (5 x 10^7cells): Drug substance and the amount: 2.5 × 107 cells/1 mL/vial, 2 vials for low-dose group
Drug: allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell
High-dose group
Experimental group
High-dose group (1 x 10^8 cells): Drug substance and the amount: 2.5 × 107 cells/1 mL/vial, 4 vials for High-dose group
Drug: allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell
Control group (placebo)
Placebo Comparator group
Control group (placebo): No Drug substance: 4 vials for Place group
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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