Tocilizumab Treatment in Graves´ Ophthalmopathy (Graves´ Orbitopathy or Thyroid Eye Disease) (GRC)


Hospital Clinico Universitario de Santiago

Status and phase

Phase 3


Graves´ Ophthalmopathy
Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathies
Thyroid Eye Disease


Drug: Tocilizumab (RoActemra®)
Drug: Sterile 0.9% Sodium Chloride

Study type


Funder types



2010-023841-31 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


The purpose is to investigate tocilizumab administration in patients with moderately to severely or sight-threatening GO (Graves' ophthalmopathy) without response to treatment with corticoid intravenous pulses. Currently, these patients only have surgery as therapeutic alternative. The principal aim of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of tocilizumab treatment in order to provide a better alternative to surgery for this patients.

Full description

Thyroid orbitopathy or Graves´orbitopathy (GO) is manifested for inflammation of the orbital and periorbital soft tissues. Ten percent of patients with GO will have long-term serious eye problems. The cause of the GO is complex. Autoreactive T cells recognize an autoantigen, the TSH receptor present in the orbit and thyroid follicular cell, secrete cytokines (IL-6), which stimulate the fibroblasts to synthesize glycosaminoglycan, which draws liquid produce periorbital edema and muscle, causing exophthalmos. This approach suggests that inhibition of IL-6 can be an effective treatment for this problem on the basis that tocilizumab specifically binds to the receptors of the IL-6, both soluble and membrane-bound. Tocilizumab has been shown to inhibit signaling mediated for IL-6Rm IL-6Rs.


32 patients




18 to 75 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Principal Inclusion Criteria:

Patients diagnosed GO with CAS ≥ 4 and an index of severity, according EUGOGO guidelines, 1. moderately to severely or 2. sight-threatening GO, after receiving corticosteroid pulse treatment due to:

  • Poor response to intravenous corticosteroid pulses Or
  • Recurrence of the GO, after treatment with intravenous corticosteroids

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Orbital decompression surgery needed immediately
  • Active smoker
  • Patients who could need treatment with radioactive iodine or thyroidectomy during the study
  • Pregnant patient or patient who is planning to become pregnant during the study
  • History of chronic recurrent or active infection
  • History of intestinal ulceration or diverticulitis
  • Patients with a history of chronic liver disease or liver disorders: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) above 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • History of HIV, hepatitis C or hepatitis B Positive
  • Neutrophil count < 0.5 × 109/L or a platelet count < 50×103/μL
  • Simultaneous use or contraindications to the use of immunosuppressive agents
  • A treatment with another investigational drug within four weeks of selection or five half-lives of study drug
  • Cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease clinically significant
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • Use of corticosteroids during four weeks before to inclusion period
  • History of reactions or anaphylactic allergic severe human monoclonal antibodies, humanized or murine
  • Uncontrolled pathologies, whose exacerbations are treated with corticosteroids

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

32 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Experimental group
Drug: Tocilizumab (RoActemra®)
Sterile 0.9% Sodium Chloride
Placebo Comparator group
Drug: Sterile 0.9% Sodium Chloride

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems