Trans-pedal Access for Endovascular Revascularization in Complex Infra-popliteal Lesions in Critically Ischemic Limb

M

Mansoura University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Critical Lower Limb Ischemia

Treatments

Procedure: Trans-pedal access for endovascular revascularization in complex infra-popliteal lesions in critically ischemic limb

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05436405
mansouravascular

Details and patient eligibility

About

Background: critical limb ischemia is one of the most challenging cases we face nowadays with high risk for amputation, retrograde trans-pedal angioplasty offers an alternative technique after failure of traditional ante-grade angioplasty. Patients and Methods: 96 patients underwent trans-pedal or trans-tibial retrograde angioplasty after failure of the traditional ante-grade angioplasty with the aid of US, 21-gauge needle and 0.018 wire through sheath-less approach as a last chance for revascularization

Full description

Study Design: This prospective non randomized study that had been performed at vascular surgery department at Mansoura University Hospital between March 2018 and April 2020, who was selected for 96patients undergoing endovascular BTK revascularization for CLI owing to tibial vascular diseases and gave written informed consent. Such cases who not give good response following traditional ante-grade ipsilateral trans-femoral approach and consequently underwent retrograde Trans-pedal or transtibial access to provide endovascular management for the lesions. Inclusion criteria: all patients aged from (18-80) years, males and female patients with 1ry lesion (without previous trial of angioplasty or bypass) 2ry lesion (after previous trial of angioplasty or bypass), the patients with fountain classification (stage IIB, stage III, stage IV) patients with Rutherford classification (grade I "category 3", grade II, Category 4", grade III, Category 4&category 5. Exclusion criteria: patients with untreated osteomyelitis, patients with mixed lesions with other comorbidities (CVI & Lymphoedema), patients with vasculitis or Buerger's dis. Also, who can't give consent (mentally retarded patients) or those with behavioral disorders . Study tools History Data: included patient's demographics, underlying medical conditions, any previous surgery, transplanted kidney and other associated morbidity. Examination: Full arterial assessments included pulse examination, and the ABPI (ankle brachial pressure index). Laboratory: Blood picture, Blood sugar level, Kidney functions, Liver functions and Coagulation profile. Imaging: Duplex ultra-sonographic (US) examination and CTA. Technique: Entire cases underwent full therapeutic medication prior to interference. Entire cases were tried ante-grade re-vascularization with a subsequent failure. A lower limb angiogram was be ready in entire cases prior to the retrograde procedure performance. Briefly, conventional femoral access will be conducted in the traditional manner and involve the sheath while the catheter was introduced close to the proximal degree of lesion. Access to a pedal vessel: Using a 21-guage needle with insertion of 0.018-inch wire by sheathless technique (Figure 1) or by utilizing a micro puncture access set. A duplex-guided access has a great importance in terms of evaluation of the pedal as well as tibial blood vessels. Such vessel is recognized using the US probe. Color flow is utilized for identification of the objective artery flow, after that color disappeared while the needle is utilized for accessing the anterior vascular surface by utilizing duplex US , such approach performed in 54 patients. There are technical points worth mentioning utilizing such procedure: usage the smallest ready US as the major ones are bulky and may have a role in interference with the access process. In addition, marked vascular calcification may induce marked shadow making the identification very hard to be detected. In such conditions, a fluoroscopy might enable a good possibility for efficient access. In addition, it was suggested to utilize micro-puncture needle supposed to have echogenic pattern as the tip of regular needle is very hard to visualize utilizing the duplex US probe. Also, use of straight fluoroscopy or road mapping may offer a better chance for successful access, as we mentioned before, this method is done in 31 cases . Appropriate section of the actual place of vascular access is essential for the successfulness of such procedure. Generally, a patent vascular is selected to be the access situation. A micro-puncture needle is utilized for access. Occasionally, bending the needle tip has the ability to make the possibility of vascular evaluation easy which has great importance if the access point in the ATA beyond the ankle. Another method is open method (cut down) on tibial vessels, this method is done in 11 cases. Following evaluating the artery, established by back hemorrhage, the micro puncture access wire is introduced via the needle into the vessels underneath fluoroscopic guide in a retrograde fashion. The needle is removed and micro puncture set (4F) or the balloon itself is passed over the wire to secure the access. According to micro puncture introducer set it includes a 21- gauge, 7- cm echogenic needle, 10 - cm long micro puncture 4-french introducer and 2.9F inner caliber permitting passage of the equipment. When the retrograde introducers are in position, the case is completely heparinized to prevent any thrombus development throughout the interference process. An exchange dimension 0.018-inch wire was utilized to try passing across the disorder in a retrograde manner, it has very accurate outcomes crossing the obstruction for combination of a small sufficient diameter with adequate body support to permit crossing of the obstruction calcified in several patients. The V18 TM Control Wire Guide Wire is specifically beneficial at such condition. It has a hydrophilic tip which may assist in sliding via the blockade with mild frictions, and simultaneously the wire has sufficient stiffness to pass across the overall occlusion. In sometimes, the usage of the 0.018 system only aiming for crossing isn't sufficient. Such condition specifically develops when there are prolonged occlusions and when there is marked calcification. In such patients, additional reinforcement is required for the platform to permit the crossing. Thus, up-sizing to a 0.035 system might help in disorder crossing. When we pass through the disorder, an angiogram from below is conducted to prove the situation in the actual lumen beyond the disorder. The 0.018-inch system and wire were removed and hemostasis secured via digital compression for 8 minutes or by ante-grade balloon dilatation at the site of puncture for about 2-3 minutes. Patient follow-up: Patients had been evaluated through the ABPI and duplex US examination: immediately, three mo., 6 mo., and 1 year following the surgery.

Enrollment

96 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • all patients aged from (18-80) years, males and female
  • patients with 1ry lesion (without previous trial of angioplasty or bypass)
  • 2ry lesion (after previous trial of angioplasty or bypass),
  • the patients with fountain classification (stage IIB, stage III, stage IV)
  • patients with Rutherford classification (grade I "category 3", grade II, Category 4", grade III, Category 4&category 5.

Exclusion criteria

  • patients with untreated osteomyelitis,
  • patients with mixed lesions with other comorbidities (CVI & Lymphoedema),
  • patients with vasculitis or Buerger's dis.
  • Also, who can't give consent (mentally retarded patients) or those with behavioral disorders .

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

96 participants in 1 patient group

transpedal access
Experimental group
Description:
Trans-pedal Access for Endovascular Revascularization in patients with failed antegrade access forComplex Infra-popliteal Lesions in Critically Ischemic Limb
Treatment:
Procedure: Trans-pedal access for endovascular revascularization in complex infra-popliteal lesions in critically ischemic limb

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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