Transbronchial Cryobiopsy in Lung Transplant Patients

V

Vall d'Hebron University Hospital (HUVH)

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Lung Transplantation

Treatments

Procedure: Biopsy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03090594
CB JKMT-2

Details and patient eligibility

About

Cryobiopsy has displaced the transbronchial biopsy (BTB) with forceps because it allows to obtain samples of more representative pulmonary parenchyma with more alveoli, less artifacts and a greater diagnostic yield. However, some authors report an increase in adverse effects such as hemorrhage and pneumothorax. The latest ISHLT (International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation) consensus of 2007 recommends that with BTB with forceps a minimum of five tissue samples should be obtained that should contain more than 100 wells or the presence of two bronchioles to Which may be necessary between 3 and 17 samples. The optimal number of transbronchial cryobiopsies is unknown in order to obtain maximum performance with the lowest possible morbidity. It is proposed to analyze the morphological and histopathological characteristics of each cryobiopsies individually and in order of extraction, to determine the sensitivity in the diagnosis of acute rejection as a function of the number of samples. Lung transplant patients, not admitted to critical units, with BTB indication will be included. A maximum of 6 samples will be obtained by flexible bronchoscope and under general anesthesia. These data will allow to know the minimum number of specimens that guarantee a histological and / or bacteriological diagnosis of certainty with maximum effectiveness.

Full description

Transbronchial biopsies (BPTB) will be performed using a flexible bronchoscope and the biopsy will be performed with cryoprobe (Erbokryo®). The patient undergoing the procedure will be intubated, sedated and relaxed under continuous monitoring (pulse oximetry, blood pressure, heart and respiratory rate), oxygen therapy with high flows and surveillance by anesthesiologist. The site where the biopsies will be performed will be determined based on an imaging study (chest x-ray and / or CT scan). The procedure will be performed according to the conventional technique, keeping the patient in apnea during the time that the cryobiopsies are taken to reduce the risk of pneumothorax. At most 6 samples will be obtained, and each one will be placed in an individual container listed in order of extraction. Bronchoalveolar lavage (3 aliquots of 30 mL sterile saline solution) will be performed in the same hemithorax. The samples obtained will be evaluated morphologically and sent to a microbiological and histopathological study, which will include a cell count. The data obtained will be coded.

Enrollment

50 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Pulmonary transplant patients with suspected rejection or infection requiring transbronchial biopsy

Exclusion criteria

  • Respiratory failure refractory to oxygen therapy.
  • Acute or subacute ischemic heart disease (last 4-6 weeks).
  • Severe arrhythmias.
  • Coagulation disorders: platelets <60,000-50,000 or Prothrombin time <60%.
  • Lack of consent informed.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

50 participants in 1 patient group

Biopsy
Other group
Description:
Transbronchial biopsies with cryoprobe.
Treatment:
Procedure: Biopsy

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Javier De Gracia, MD PhD; Karina Loor, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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