Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Therapy for Major Depression

U

University of East London

Status

Completed

Conditions

Major Depressive Disorder

Treatments

Device: transcranial direct current stimulation

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03632434
A1950

Details and patient eligibility

About

Depression is a prevalent and debilitating disorder. The most common treatments are antidepressant medications and talking therapies. However, for many individuals, these are not their treatment of choice. Furthermore, even following a full course of treatment with an antidepressant or talking therapy, over one third of patients continue to be unwell. The novel brain stimulation treatment, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), is a potential first-line treatment for major depression. The present research question is whether tDCS can be provided as a home-based treatment for major depression for adults with major depression.

Full description

The novel brain stimulation treatment, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), is a potential first-line treatment for major depression. tDCS generates a small electric current which modulates how easy it is for active brain cells to discharge. The device is a neoprene cap worn over the head, and in the cap there are two electrodes, which are small metal discs, where the current comes from. tDCS does not directly stimulate brain cells to cause a seizure like electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and it does not induce brain cells to discharge like transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Clinical studies have shown that tDCS treatment could help to improve the symptoms of depression. The main side effects have been redness, skin irritation or sensations (itching, tingling or burning) under the electrodes. Less commonly reported side effects include headache or tiredness. tDCS is a portable and safe treatment. The studies to date have mostly looked at tDCS treatment which has been provided in a research setting. This is a problem because the treatment requires daily sessions for several weeks which could limit whether individuals would be able to go every day. As tDCS is a portable and safe treatment, it could be provided in the community. The study research question is whether tDCS could be provided as a home-based treatment for major depression. The study will include adults with major depression.

Enrollment

26 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • diagnosis of major depressive disorder based on DSM-5 criteria
  • minimum score of 16 on Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D)

Exclusion criteria

  • history of treatment-resistant depression
  • comorbid psychiatric disorder
  • significant risk of suicide or self harm
  • any contraindications to tDCS, including implanted electronic medical devices

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

26 participants in 1 patient group

tDCS
Experimental group
Description:
6-week course of active tDCS treatment, consisting of 5 sessions per week for the first 3 weeks followed by 2 sessions per week for 3 weeks, for a total of 21 tDCS sessions. The duration of each session is 30 minutes.
Treatment:
Device: transcranial direct current stimulation

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems