Treatment of Neonatal Encephalopathy With Oral Sildenafil Suspension to Repair Brain Injury Secondary to Birth Asphyxia

P

Pia Wintermark

Status and phase

Not yet enrolling
Phase 2

Conditions

Neonatal Encephalopathy

Treatments

Drug: Ora-Blend
Drug: Sildenafil

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06098833
SANE-03

Details and patient eligibility

About

Around the time of birth, some babies experience a condition called asphyxia, which means that their brain and other organs do not receive enough blood and/or oxygen to work properly. This life-threatening condition accounts for nearly 1 out of 4 deaths of all babies around the world, and often leads to severe brain damage, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and trouble with learning and functioning in everyday life. At this time, no treatment is available to repair the brain damage caused by asphyxia. Excitingly, a drug called sildenafil (Viagra®) is already given safely to babies who suffer from increased blood pressure in their lungs' vessels. Recent studies using a laboratory model of asphyxia at birth suggest that sildenafil may also repair the brain damage caused by asphyxia. Similarly, recent small studies have shown that it is both feasible and safe to give sildenafil to human babies, who suffered from asphyxia at birth. These studies also highlight the first promising signs that sildenafil may improve how the brains of these babies work, which is consistent with the abovementioned laboratory studies. On the basis of these previous researches, the investigators predict that sildenafil can repair the damage to a baby's brain. The investigators will test whether sildenafil can be safely given to a large group of human babies who suffer from asphyxia at birth, and will confirm whether sildenafil improves or not how their brains and hearts/lungs work. This project will enable to determine whether sildenafil is a promising treatment for repairing brain damage in babies who suffer from asphyxia at birth. This project may also provide new solutions for these babies to improve their future life.

Full description

The investigators will enroll neonates with HIE treated with TH from NICUs in a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sildenafil to repair brain injury. Neonates with moderate-severe HIE on admission and with brain injury on a day-2 brain MRI (during TH) will be randomized to sildenafil or placebo (allocation 2:1) for 7 consecutive days. Aim 1: Evaluate the efficacy of sildenafil to improve brain injury (primary outcome). The investigators will determine whether sildenafil reduces brain injury on a day-30 MRI compared to the baseline day-2 MRI. Aim 2: Determine the safety of sildenafil (secondary outcome). The investigators will assess the safety of sildenafil by recording the incidence of adverse events. Aim 3: Evaluate the efficacy of sildenafil to improve cardiopulmonary hemodynamics (secondary outcome). The investigators will determine whether sildenafil improves pulmonary pressure and right/left ventricular function on day 4 of life (after TH completion) compared to baseline day-2 measurements

Enrollment

60 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

Under 48 hours old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Male and female neonates meeting the criteria for induced hypothermia:

  • Gestational age ≥36weeks and birth weight ≥1800g;

Evidence of fetal distress, i.e., history of an acute perinatal event, cord pH ≤7.0 or base deficit

  • 16 mEq/L;
  • Evidence of neonatal distress, such as an Apgar score ≤5 at 10 minutes, postnatal blood gas pH obtained within the first hour of life ≤ 7.0 or base deficit ≤ - 16 mEq/L, or a continued need for ventilation initiated at birth and continued for at least 10 minutes;
  • Evidence of moderate to severe neonatal encephalopathy by an abnormal neurological exam and/or an amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG). They will receive whole-body cooling to an esophageal temperature of 33.5°C, initiated within the first 6 hours of life, continued for 72 hours, and then they will be slowly rewarmed using standard protocol.
  • Evidence of brain injury on a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed on day 2 of life.

Exclusion criteria

  • Neonates with complex congenital heart disease
  • Neonates with cerebral malformations
  • Neonates with genetic syndrome
  • Neonates with intraventricular and/or intraparenchymal hemorrhage on MRI performed on day 2 of life
  • Moribund infants not expected to survive

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

60 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Sildenafil
Active Comparator group
Description:
Sildenafil per os twice a day for seven consecutive days (from day 2 of life to day 9 of life) if brain injury on day 2 of life (dose 1=2mg/kg/dose, dose 2=2.5mg/kg/dose, and doses 3-14=3mg/kg/dose)
Treatment:
Drug: Sildenafil
Ora-Blend
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Ora-Blend per os twice a day for seven consecutive days (from day 2 of life to day 9 of life) if brain injury on day 2 of life (dose 1=2mg/kg/dose, dose 2=2.5mg/kg/dose, and doses 3-14=3mg/kg/dose)
Treatment:
Drug: Ora-Blend

Trial contacts and locations

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Central trial contact

Pia Wintermark, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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