Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Sexually Abused Children

A

Allegheny Health Network (AHN)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic

Treatments

Behavioral: Trauma-Focused CBT
Behavioral: Child-Centered Therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000383
R10MH055963
1R10MH055963 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
1R10MH056224 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two psychological therapies used to treat PTSD in children who have recently been sexually abused: Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) vs Child Centered Therapy (CCT). Child sexual abuse is a common experience that has serious mental health consequences, including the development of PTSD and other abuse-related problems. All children will be assigned randomly (like tossing a coin) to receive either SAS-CBT or NST at each of two sites. In addition, the parents and the child will receive individual therapy for 12 weeks. The child will be monitored to evaluate his/her response to therapy. Assessments will take place before and just following treatment, and then 6 and 12 months post-treatment. A child may be eligible for this study if he/she: Has been sexually abused, is suffering from PTSD as a result of the abuse, and is 8 to 14 years old.

Full description

To evaluate the comparative efficacy of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) vs Child Centered Therapy (CCT) in decreasing symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) following recent sexual abuse. Child sexual abuse is a common experience that has serious mental health consequences, including the development of PTSD and other abuse-related and general psychopathological symptoms. Patients are randomly assigned to receive either TF-CBT or CCT at each of two sites, and will be provided with 12 weeks of individual therapy for children and parents. Treatment is monitored for compliance with the respective treatment models through intensive supervision, audiotaping of sessions, rating of sessions with use of adherence checklists, and independent blind rating of audiotapes. Treatment outcome is evaluated through the use of several self-, parent-, and teacher-report standardized instruments, administered at pre- and post-treatment, and follow-up evaluations at 6 and 12 months. The project also assesses differential treatment impact by gender and ethnicity, and attempts to evaluate the impact of specific components of the treatment process in mediating treatment outcome. Specifically, the project evaluates the differential effectiveness of the two treatment modalities in improving the subject's abuse-related attributions and perceptions, parenting practices, familial adaptability and cohesiveness, parent support, and parental emotional reaction to the abuse, and the impact of improving these variables on treatment outcome.

Enrollment

229 patients

Sex

All

Ages

8 to 14 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

-

Patients must have:

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms (at least 5 with at least one symptom in each of 3 PTSD clusters) related to sexual abuse
  • Confirmed child sexual abuse history
  • Speak English
  • Parent willing to participate in treatment

Exclusion criteria

  • Active psychotic disorder resulting in inability to participate in CBT
  • Active substance abuse disorder that resulted in significant impairment 3 Serious developmental disorder precluding participation in CBT

4) If on psychotropic medication, not on stable dose for at least 4 weeks 5) Receiving ongoing psychotherapy outside of study

Trial design

229 participants in 2 patient groups

Trauma-Focused CBT
Experimental group
Description:
Trauma -Focused CBT provides 12 sessions (45 minutes child, 45 minutes parent) of CBT treatment. This includes therapist-directed trauma-focused skills training, exposure, parenting, conjoint parent-child sessions, and safety component provided to child and parent.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Trauma-Focused CBT
Child Centered Therapy
Active Comparator group
Description:
Child Centered Therapy provides 12 sessions (45 minutes child, 45 minutes parent) of supportive interventions. This includes client-directed activities focused on the needs and interests of the child or parent, respectively.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Child-Centered Therapy

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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