Treatment of Refractory Adult-onset Still's Disease With Anakinra: a Randomized Study (NordicAOSD05)

U

University of Helsinki

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Adult-Onset Still's Disease

Treatments

Drug: comparators
Drug: anakinra

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01033656
NordicAOSD05
2005-003173-24 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

An open, randomized, parallel-group, comparative, multicentre study. Patients on corticosteroids (plus conventional therapy) will be randomized to receive anakinra (Kineret®), or one of the following: methotrexate, azathioprine, leflunomide, cyclosporin A or sulphasalazine. Patients enter the study if considered refractory to corticosteroids (prednisolone equivalent ≥10 mg/day) at the time of randomization. The randomized phase of the study will be followed by an open-label extension (OLE) phase, to follow-up drug survival, efficacy, tolerability and disease-related parameters of long-term treatment with anakinra or one of the study DMARDs or a combination of study drugs for additional 28 weeks.

Full description

Product: Kineret (anakinra) Comparative agents: Methotrexate or azathioprine or leflunomide or cyclosporin A or sulphasalazine Protocol title: An open, randomized study treating refractory adult-onset Still's disease with IL-1ra anakinra (Kineret, compared to an established, single anti-rheumatic treatment Target Disease: Adult-onset Still's disease Patients: 23 patients diagnosed with AOSD, living in the four Nordic countries. Study Objectives: To follow the changes in clinical status and disease activity in patients receiving anakinra, compared to those treated with an established DMARD, in addition to corticosteroids in patients with refractory AOSD. To compare the changes in disease-related parameters (global health, patient's assessment on disease, laboratory values) in the two randomized groups. To assess the safety of anakinra in AOSD. To follow-up drug survival, efficacy, tolerability and disease-related parameters of long-term treatment in AOSD (open phase).

Enrollment

23 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Must be diagnosed with AOSD according to preliminary classification by Yamaguchi (1992).
  • Other diseases with similar symptoms must be excluded. Has been exposed to a corticosteroid for ≥2 months prior to randomization for AOSD.
  • Needs a prednisolone dose ≥10 mg/day or equivalent, yet unacceptable disease activity determined by the investigator.
  • Anti-TNF agents must be discontinued 4 to 8 weeks prior to commencing study medication.

Exclusion criteria

Use of corticosteroids (prednisolone equivalent <10 mg/day.

History of recurrent or chronic infection, including:

  • tuberculosis
  • any malignancy
  • any other major chronic inflammatory disease syndrome
  • drug or alcohol abuse
  • known positivity for hepatitis B, C or HIV.
  • Use of anti-TNF agents during ≤4 weeks (etanercept) or≤8 weeks (infliximab or adalimumab) prior to randomization.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

23 participants in 2 patient groups

Anakinra
Experimental group
Description:
experimental drug of study
Treatment:
Drug: anakinra
comparator
Active Comparator group
Description:
comparators:methotrexate, azathioprine, leflunomide or supfasalazine
Treatment:
Drug: comparators

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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