Trial of Rituximab and Mycophenolate Mofetil Without Oral Steroids for Lupus Nephritis (RITUXILUP)

Imperial College London logo

Imperial College London

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 3

Conditions

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Lupus Nephritis

Treatments

Drug: Oral prednisolone
Drug: Rituximab
Drug: Methyl prednisolone
Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01773616
CRO2035

Details and patient eligibility

About

The treatment of the multisystem autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains a challenge, particularly when there is renal involvement (lupus nephritis). For the last 60 years corticosteroids have been the backbone of the treatment of lupus nephritis but they are associated with significant toxicity. Although randomized placebo controlled trials of Rituximab in non-renal lupus and lupus nephritis did not meet their primary end-points, there is accumulating data that suggests that B cell depletion with Rituximab may be efficacious in lupus disease refractory to conventional therapy. Furthermore, our pilot data suggests that the addition of Rituximab to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) without oral steroids is at least as effective at inducing a renal response as the standard of care therapy comprising MMF and high dose oral corticosteroids. RITUXILUP is a proof of concept, open labeled, randomized, controlled, multicentre trial that aims to demonstrate whether the addition of Rituximab to MMF therapy is useful in treating a new flare of lupus nephritis and whether it has a long lasting steroid-sparing, beneficial effect with equal efficacy and greater safety than a conventional regimen of MMF and oral prednisolone. If successful, this trial has the potential to dramatically change the management of lupus nephritis.

Full description

TRIAL SUMMARY TITLE RITUXILUP - An open label randomised multicentre controlled trial of RITUXImab and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) without oral steroids for the treatment of LUPus nephritis OBJECTIVES Is the combination of Rituximab, Methyl prednisolone and MMF as effective in treating lupus nephritis as Methyl prednisolone, oral steroids and MMF? Does the omission of oral steroids increase the safety of the treatment regimen? DESIGN This is a 1:1 randomised, international open label, controlled phase III multicentre trial SAMPLE SIZE A total of 252 patients: 126 patients in each arm (As of April 2017 decided 25 patients will be maximum recruited following decision to close the study early) ELIGIBILITY Children (12 years and above) and adults with lupus nephritis ISN/RPS Class III A or A/C, Class IV-G A or A/C, Class IV-S A or A/C, and/or Class V with a urine protein/creatinine ratio (PCR) ≥ 100mg/mmol. TREATMENT Experimental group - Rituximab, IV methyl prednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil Control group - oral prednisolone, IV methyl prednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil. PRIMARY OUTCOME The primary outcome is to demonstrate non-inferiority of the Rituximab arm in comparison to the control arm in the proportion of patients achieving complete renal response (CR) at week 52 without the need for steroid prescription. SECONDARY OUTCOMES Safety outcomes: Serious Infectious Episodes Serious Adverse Events Evidence of metabolic abnormalities particularly new onset diabetes Disease control over time: Proportion of patients achieving Partial Response (PR) Time to stable CR Time to PR Proportion of patients in PR who achieve histological remission in those who have a repeat biopsy as part of local standard of care Proportion of patients with renal or extra flare Cumulative steroid exposure Deviation from the steroid taper in the steroid arm and/or introduction of steroids in the steroid-free arm Proportion of patients achieving a response as defined by the SLE Responder Index (SRI) at week 52 and annually thereafter as defined by: a >4 point reduction in SELENA-SLEDAI score; no new BILAG A organ domain score; no more than I new BILAG B score; no worsening in physician's global assessment (PGA) by >10%; must not have received non-protocol treatment. Proportion of patients achieving a response as defined by the BILAG-based Composite Lupus Assessment (BICLA) at week 52 and annually thereafter as defined by: BILAG-2004 improvement (BILAG A to B/C/D, BILAG B to C/D and no BILAG worsening, no deterioration in SLEDAI total score, no worsening in physician's global assessment (PGA) by >10% and must not have received non-protocol treatment.

Enrollment

24 patients

Sex

All

Ages

12 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Adults aged 18-75 years old and children aged 12-17 years old.

Active lupus nephritis, as defined by kidney biopsy within prior 8 weeks assessed by the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) classification:

  • class III (A or A/C) with active lesions in at least 20% of the viable glomeruli, or
  • class IV-S (A or A/C) with active lesions in at least 20% of the viable glomeruli, or
  • class IV-G (A or A/C) with active lesions in at least 20% of the viable glomeruli and / or
  • class V and
  • urine protein-to-creatinine ratio equal to or greater than 100mg/mmol (>1mg/mg ) at randomisation or at any time within 28 days before randomisation
  • No contraindications to the use of IV methyl prednisolone, MMF, oral steroids or rituximab or any other required medications such as antipyretics, antihistamines
  • Ability to provide informed consent

As MMF is teratogenic and on basis of advice from NHS England (The updated recommendations (https://www.gov.uk/drug-safety-update/mycophenolate-mofetil-mycophenolic-acid-new-pregnancy-prevention-advice-for-women-and-men) for patients whilst on MMF and after stopping are:

  • Women who have child bearing potential should be willing to use 2 forms of effective contraception during treatment and for 6 weeks after stopping treatment
  • Men (including those who have had a vasectomy) should be willing to use condoms during treatment and for at least 90 days after stopping treatment. This advice is a precautionary measure due to the genotoxicity of these products
  • Female partners of male patients treated with mycophenolate mofetil should use highly effective contraception during treatment and for 90 days after the last dose

Exclusion criteria:

Obsolescence of >50% of the glomeruli or tubulointerstitial scarring of >50% or cellular crescents in >50% of the glomeruli

Severe "critical" SLE flare defined as:

  • BILAG 2004 A flare in CNS system
  • or any SLE manifestation requiring more immunosuppression than allowed within the protocol in the physician's opinion
  • Pregnant or lactating. Woman who have child bearing potential must have two negative pregnancy test results with a sensitivity of ≥ 25 mIU/mL: one from a serum pregnancy test at day -8 to day -10 of screening and another from a urine pregnancy test at day 1 prior to randomisation. If the timeline is shortened because of clinical urgency, then there must be a negative serum pregnancy test with a sensitivity of ≥ 25 mIU/mL within 1-2 days before study start
  • Patients not willing for their GP to be informed of their participation in this study
  • Patients should not be on or require maintenance steroids and should not have had more than 12 weeks of steroids in the period immediately preceding recruitment irrespective of dose
  • Patients that had received more than 2.0g of IV methyl prednisolone in the previous 4 weeks
  • Prior use within 12 months of screening visit of therapeutic monoclonal antibody, or B or T cell modulating 'biologic' use
  • Prior use within 6 months of the screening visit of Intravenous immunoglobulin / plasma exchange OR Cyclophosphamide
  • Active infections, including but not limited to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and hepatitis B (including prior infection as judged by positive Hepatitis B core antibody) or Hepatitis C or tuberculosis
  • Receipt of a live-attenuated vaccine within 3 months of study enrolment
  • In the investigator's opinion, patients that are at high risk for infection (including but not limited to indwelling catheter, dysphagia with aspiration, decubitus ulcer, history of prior aspiration pneumonia or recurrent severe urinary tract infection)
  • Prior history of invasive fungal infections
  • History of any cancer
  • In female patients, known history of cervical dysplasia CIN Grade III cervical high risk human papillomavirus or abnormal cervical cytology other than abnormal squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) within the past 3 years. The patient will be eligible after the condition has resolved (e.g., follow-up HPV test is negative or cervical abnormality has been effectively treated >1 year ago)
  • Any concomitant medical condition or abnormal blood results that in the investigator's opinion, or after discussion with the CI, places the participant at risk by participating in this study.
  • Comorbidities requiring systemic corticosteroid therapy.
  • Current substance abuse.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

24 participants in 2 patient groups

Rituximab
Experimental group
Description:
Rituximab, methyl prednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil
Treatment:
Drug: Methyl prednisolone
Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
Drug: Rituximab
Oral prednisolone
Active Comparator group
Description:
Oral prednisolone, methyl prednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil
Treatment:
Drug: Methyl prednisolone
Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
Drug: Oral prednisolone

Trial contacts and locations

11

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems