Use of ΔIVC for Early Diagnosis of AHF in AECOPD

U

University of Monastir

Status

Completed

Conditions

Acute Decompensated Heart Failure
COPD Exacerbation

Treatments

Diagnostic Test: calculation of the inferior vena cava collapsibility index

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05327374
ΔIVC /AHF/ AECOPD

Details and patient eligibility

About

Acute Heart failure (AHF) is a common cause of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). This association is frequently underestimated with regard to the difficulty of clinical diagnosis. The investigators expect that the application of the inferior vena cava collapsibility index (ΔIVC)could be useful in this issue.

Full description

Acute heart failure (AHF) is a common cause of COPD exacerbation however its role is very often underestimated. Until now, the use of echocardiography and some invasive hemodynamic exploration techniques such as the Swanganz catheter has been stated as reference. Other noninvasive diagnostic methods have been studied, such as systolic time intervals and Valsalva maneuver, but their application still difficult in patients with COPD exacerbation, especially in emergency department (ED) settings. the study aimed to evaluate the performance of a new diagnostic technique based on the measurement of the ΔIVC for the early identification of AHF in patients presenting to the ED with acute COPD exacerbation.

Enrollment

401 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 90 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • patient with history of COPD and admitted to the emergency departement for AECOPD

Exclusion criteria

  • impossibility to give consent to participate in the study, non consent patients
  • post traumatic dyspnea
  • instable hemodynamic or neurological status

Trial design

401 participants in 2 patient groups

AHF-group
Description:
patients with AECOPD and acute heart failure
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: calculation of the inferior vena cava collapsibility index
non AHF-group
Description:
patients with AECOPD without acute heart failure
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: calculation of the inferior vena cava collapsibility index

Trial contacts and locations

3

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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