Use of Gou-Teng to Treat Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

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The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Mild Cognitive Impairment
White Matter Hyperintensity

Treatments

Other: Uncaria Rhynchophylla (Gou-Teng)
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04532697
MCI-Gou Teng study

Details and patient eligibility

About

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a pre-dementia condition commonly occurs in elderly people. As Hong Kong has become an aged society, the prevalence of dementia and MCI in Hong Kong has increased substantially in recent decades. To date, no effective pharmacological therapies are available for MCI, and there exists a need for exploring complementary treatment for this age-related condition. Preclinical studies have identified Uncaria rhynchophylla (Gouteng in Chinese) to have promising neuroprotective effect in Alzheimer's disease experimental models. Objective: To assess the effectiveness and the safety of oral administration of Uncaria rhynchophylla for MCI in older people in Hong Kong. Study design: This is a double-blinded, randomized, placebo controlled pilot study. 56 patients with MCI will be randomized into two groups i.e. Uncaria rhynchophylla and placebo groups. All subjects will receive treatment twice a day for a consecutive 16 weeks.

Full description

It is hypothesized that U. rhynchophylla may have good therapeutic efficacy for the treatment of MCI. However, up to now, there exists no clinical data to support the use of U.rhynchophylla for MCI. To evaluate the efficacy of U. rhynchophylla for MCI, the investigator will use a fully automatic retinal image analysis (ARIA) method to estimate the WMH and use this as one of the outcome measures. The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a Chinese herbal preparation U. rhynchophylla for subjects with mild cognitive impairment. It is hypothesized that treatment with U. rhynchophylla is able to significantly improve the cognitive function of subjects with MCI and reduce the white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in the brain of these subjects. All eligible subjects will be randomly assigned to receive a treatment of either Uncaria rhynchophylla or placebo for 16 weeks followed by 8 weeks observation. All subjects, both of the intervention and control group, will receive standard routine care from the conventional healthcare system.

Enrollment

56 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

65+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Both male and female individuals aged 65 years or over at their last birthday
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment (Hong Kong version) (HK-MoCA) age/education matched percentile (score), with the cut off score of ≤16th percentile
  • Understand the questionnaires used in the study
  • Agreement to give informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Known dementia including Alzheimer's disease
  • Current drug use for the treatment of MCI or dementia
  • Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score 15 or more
  • Known psychiatric diseases such as depressive episode, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia;
  • Known history of seizures;
  • Known history of stroke associated with permanent disability;
  • Known history of liver and renal impairment;
  • Known history of allergy to Chinese herbal medicine;
  • Concomitant use of warfarin or any anti-coagulants
  • Current history of hazardous or harmful alcohol consumption;
  • Current medical history that prevented participation in the study tasks such as sensory impairment and advanced cancer;
  • Current use of any kind of herbal medicine for the prevention and treatment of dementia.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

56 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Chinese Medicine
Active Comparator group
Description:
Uncaria Rhynchophylla (Gou-Teng)
Treatment:
Other: Uncaria Rhynchophylla (Gou-Teng)
Placebo treatment
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo
Treatment:
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Mei Kwan Lai

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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