Use of Nucala in Severe Asthma (UNISA)

M

Medical Centre Leeuwarden

Status

Completed

Conditions

Asthma Severe Persistent Uncontrolled

Treatments

Drug: Mepolizumab 100 MG

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT05441059
212821

Details and patient eligibility

About

The Severe Heterogeneous Asthma Research collaboration, Patient-centred (SHARP) is set up to harmonise severe asthma management across Europe and unravel underlying heterogeneity in a patient-centred way. Using data from national registries included in the SHARP network, this study aims to evaluate real-world use of Nucala, describe characteristics of patients prescribed with Nucala and evaluate the effectiveness of Nucala in clinically relevant endpoints.

Full description

The global prevalence of asthma is approximately 358 million people, of which an estimated 30 million patients live in Europe. Severe asthma is defined as asthma requiring treatment according to GINA steps 4-5 and is estimated to occur in 5-10% of the total asthma population (Chung 2014). Asthma and severe asthma are heterogeneous, and while there are a range of classifications, one such schema classified asthma as: (1) eosinophilic, (2) neutrophilic, (3) mixed, or (4) paucigranulocytic. NUCALA (mepolizumab) is an IL-5 antagonist monoclonal antibody that was approved by the European commission in 2015 for add-on maintenance treatment of adult patients with severe refractory eosinophilic asthma. The license was expanded to paediatric patients (6-17 years old) in August 2018. Clinical efficacy was evaluated in multiple randomized, double-blind clinical trials. In the DREAM trial (NCT01000506), the rate of clinically significant exacerbations was 2.40 per patient per year among patients receiving placebo versus 1.24 in the 75 mg IV mepolizumab group, a 48% (95% CI 31-61%) reduction. In the MENSA trial (NCT01691521), the rate of clinically significant exacerbations was 1.74 per patient per year among patients receiving placebo versus 0.83 in the sub-cutaneous 100 mg mepolizumab group, a 53% (95% CI 36-65%) reduction. Furthermore, in the SIRIUS trial (NCT01691508), the median daily prednisone dose at weeks 20-24 was 10.0 mg among patients receiving placebo versus 3.1 mg for patients receiving 100 mg of mepolizumab and mepolizumab provided a 2.39 (95% CI 1.25-4.56) times greater odds for a reduction in oral glucocorticoid dose from baseline in the mepolizumab group compared with placebo. Additionally, the MUSCA trial (NCT02281318) found that mepolizumab significantly improved health-related quality of life in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma. The high internal validity of the randomized clinical trials has allowed the treatment efficacy of Nucala to be reliably determined in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma. However, the strict inclusion and exclusion criteria which are necessary in clinical trials produce data from a selected, homogeneous population which may not be representative of the wider population who may receive treatments in routine practice. Real world evaluation of mepolizumab use will help in understanding characteristics of patients from different European countries receiving these therapies, treatment patterns, and effectiveness on clinical endpoints as limited information exists in real world settings in Europe following the availability of mepolizumab to patients. The Severe Heterogeneous Asthma Research collaboration, Patient-centred (SHARP) is set up to harmonise severe asthma management across Europe and unravel underlying heterogeneity in a patient-centred way. Using data from national registries included in the SHARP network, this study aims to evaluate real-world use of Nucala, describe characteristics of patients prescribed with Nucala and evaluate the effectiveness of Nucala in clinically relevant endpoints.

Enrollment

2,100 patients

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

1) Initiated on mepolizumab for treatment of asthma.

Exclusion criteria

1) Participation in an interventional clinical trial in which the treatment regimen and/or monitoring is dictated by a protocol in the study observation period.

Trial design

2,100 participants in 1 patient group

Patients treated with mepolizumab
Description:
Patients treated with mepolizumab
Treatment:
Drug: Mepolizumab 100 MG

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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