Usefulness of FDG-PET for Advanced Cervical Cancer

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Chang Gung Medical Foundation

Status and phase

Phase 3


Cervical Cancer


Procedure: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

Study type


Funder types



NSC 92-2314-B-182A-084

Details and patient eligibility


The objective of this study is to determinate whether the adding of FDG-PET is helpful in the treatment of advanced cervical cancer with concurrent chemoradiation.

Full description

Concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy is the standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer. The radiation field should be adjusted according to the extension of disease, especially the presence of metastatic lymph nodes. At present, CT/ MRI have been applied for the detection of enlarged lymph nodes, as the reference of radiation field. However, not infrequently, a small-sized lymph node on CT/MRI may be metastatic while an enlarged node may be resulted from reactive hyperplasia. Unlike CT/ MRI, 18F-FDG positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) provides a novel means of imaging malignancy and could differentiate benign tumor from malignancy by functional assessment. Recent studies demonstrated higher accuracy of FDG-PET scan for the evaluation of metastasis in patients with several types of cancers when compared with CT scan or MRI. But, only a few reports concerned the usefulness of FDG-PET in cervical carcinoma. Our hypothesis is that adding FGD-PET study to a thorough MRI can provide better staging, especially on the identification of metastatic pelvic or para-aortic lymph nodes. In addition, this whole body scan may also detect occult distant metastases that are not detectable by standard workup. Our initial result of a phase II study---"A Preliminary Report of Using FDG-PET to Detect Extra-pelvic Lesions in Cervical Cancer Patients with Enlarged Pelvic Lymph Nodes Shown on MRI/CT Images" indicated that FDG-PET helped to detect occult or small metastatic lesions, and resulted in a change of radiation treatment plan. Nevertheless, for high-risk group patients, distant metastasis still occurred in a short period after treatment. Therefore, it is also our question that whether the enhancement of detection provided by FDG-PET can be translated into improvement of final overall survival. To answer these questions, the Gynecologic Oncology Study Group in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital has designed a phase III clinical study. Patients with enlarged pelvic lymph node detected on MRI imaging are enrolled and randomized into two groups before the initiation of concurrent chemoradiation.




No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Newly diagnosed cervical cancer clinical stage FIGO I -IVA Histologically proven cervical carcinoma (including histologic types of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma and malignant mixed mullerian tumor) Presence of at least one enlarged pelvic lymph node (>=1.0 cm in its maximal dimension), or group of small pelvic nodes (size <1 cm), and without suspicious para-aortic lymph node metastasis or any lesion outside the pelvis by conventional MRI or CT study Karnofsky performance scale >=60 Available for concurrent chemoradiation therapy of curative intent

Exclusion criteria

Cervical tumor with histologic diagnosis of verrucous carcinoma or small cell carcinoma Other serious illness or medical condition which would interfere with extended field irradiation or chemotherapy Past or current history of malignancy, except for curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer Patients not suitable to receive PET study either by technical or psychological reasons Patients who are judged to be noncompliant to treatment or not accessible for follow up

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

Trial contacts and locations



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