Utility of Plasma Circulating Tumor DNA (ctDNA) in Asymptomatic Subjects for the Detection of Neoplastic Disease (H1000)

P

Pathway Genomics

Status

Completed

Conditions

Neoplasms
Mutation

Treatments

Genetic: ctDNA Analysis for the Detection of Genetic Mutations

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT02612350
Pathway Gennomics 004

Details and patient eligibility

About

Pathway Genomics Corporation (Pathway Genomics), a San Diego, California company, is involved in the development and validation of new molecular diagnostic assays for the analysis of circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (ctDNA) found in the plasma-derived DNA (cell-free DNA or cfDNA) in order to identify specific variants (mutations) in cancer driver genes. The purpose of testing for mutations in ctDNA is to detect and monitor cancer. All cells shed DNA into the bloodstream. Finding cancer-associated mutations in the cfDNA may lead to early detection of cancer in an otherwise apparently healthy (i.e. asymptomatic) individual or may allow the healthcare provider to more effectively monitor and treat a known cancer patient. The analysis is performed using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methodology where oligonucleotides are designed to target specific mutations in designated genes of interest followed by next generation deep sequencing of the amplified targets. Evaluation of the performance of these assays for screening for cancer in asymptomatic subjects is essential for the clinical validation of the use of these assays. The specific aim of this protocol is to obtain relevant human blood samples from individual subjects at higher than average risk for the development of cancer due to age, heredity, or environmental or toxic exposures for use in the statistical analysis of this method as an adjunct screening test for the potential presence of cancer.

Full description

The objectives of this study are to obtain human blood samples from asymptomatic subjects who have never been diagnosed with cancer, but who may be at increased risk for cancer due to heredity, exposures, age, or family history to assess the validity of screening healthy but at risk patients for cancer via analysis of ctDNA. Specifically, the blood specimens will be collected from individuals who have responded to a self-administered health questionnaire that screens for higher risk of contracting cancer. Each participant will be asked to provide a 30 ml blood sample to be drawn by a primary care provider (PCP) or licensed phlebotomist. The specimens collected during the study may also be used in the research and development of new or modified molecular genetics assays. The results of these studies will be used to further the understanding of the use of ctDNA for the detection and monitoring of cancer in humans. The blood samples are collected in blood collection tubes (BCT) called Cell-Free DNA BCT® manufactured by Streck and intended for collection, stabilization and transportation of cell-free plasma DNA. This device also stabilizes and preserves cellular genomic DNA present in nucleated blood cells and circulating epithelial cells (tumor cells) found in whole blood. This product has not been cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for In Vitro Diagnostic use and is labeled by Streck for research use only. Under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) regulations, laboratories are authorized to validate and use, as part of a laboratory-developed test (LDT), devices that have not been cleared or approved by the FDA. Pathway Genomics validated the CancerInterceptTM Detect molecular analysis system with the Streck tubes, in accordance with CLIA. Once the specimen has been collected and sent to Pathway by the physician or the phlebotomist who collects the samples, all other processing and testing are conducted by Pathway laboratory personnel. The analysis begins with the separation of the plasma from the rest of the blood sample. cfDNA will then be isolated from each sample. The quantity of cfDNA is measured and then the sample is amplified via PCR for next generation sequencing. The results of the sequencing will then be analyzed for the presence of one or more of the 96 mutations analyzed in this assay. The data are then reviewed and a report will be generated.

Enrollment

1,106 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • strong family history of cancer
  • known carrier of a pathogenic variant in a gene indicating an increased risk of cancer, for example, in the BRCA1 or TP53 genes.
  • exposure to environmental toxins, carcinogens, or mutagens, including but not limited to tobacco, radiation, asbestos, long-time industrial chemical exposure
  • age equal to or over 50 years

Exclusion criteria

  • prior diagnosis of cancer except basal cell carcinoma
  • no risk factors that place the individual at high risk
  • age under 18 years
  • individuals unwilling to sign the IRB-approved consent form

Trial design

1,106 participants in 1 patient group

Increased Risk for Cancer Development
Description:
The group is to include at least 1000 individuals who are at high risk for the development of cancer. Risk is assessed through the completion of a clinical history questionnaire. Examples of such subjects include those with known hereditary cancer syndrome pathogenic variants without a diagnosis of cancer, with significant family history of breast, ovarian, colon, or lung cancer or melanoma, or another strong history of cancer but no prior molecular diagnosis, heavy smokers or those exposed to carcinogens and mutagens. The individuals who meet criteria for inclusion will undergo cell-free DNA isolation and circulating-tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis for the detection of genetic mutations associated with the possible development of a malignancy.
Treatment:
Genetic: ctDNA Analysis for the Detection of Genetic Mutations

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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