Validation of the Russian Version of Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R)


Research Center of Neurology, Russia




Consciousness Disorders


Behavioral: Examination with neurological scales.

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to validate Russian version of Coma Recovery Scale - Revised and to assess its psychometric properties.

Full description

There is a need of validated scale for correct assessment for patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) in Russia. One of the most detailed scales that provides robust results in these patients is the Coma Recovery Scale - Revised (CRS-r). The validated Russian version of CRS-r will be very helpful in clinical work and scientific research for making correct assessment of patients status and its changes over time in Russia and Russian-speaking countries. The purpose of this study is to validate Russian version of CRS-R and to assess its psychometric properties. The first step of the study was to perform translation of CRS-r from English into Russian according to the validation protocol: Double direct translation by independent translators; Combination of two Russian translations; Reverse translation by native English speaker. Final Russian version and back-translated version of the Scale were approved by the original author, Dr. J. Giacino. He approved the original validation study protocol as well. To validate Russian version of CRS-r and to assess its psychometric properties the investigators will perform an observational study on 60 adults with disorders of consciousness of different etiology on different period of recovery after coma. It is planned to include patients with various states of consciousness (e.g., vegetative state, minimally conscious state "minus" and minimally conscious state "plus") in balanced proportions. Every patient will be examined by two independent researchers on the same day. The patients will be examined twice with a week interval between examinations for evaluation of sensitivity of CRS-r. Test-retest reliability will be applied to investigate interrater reliability. This method will be applied as well to assess the consistency of patients' scores over time. The internal consistency of the test will be investigated by inter-rater method. For this item two researchers will conduct patient assessment with CRS-R on the same day with a small period of time between the examinations. Content validity of the test will be used for assessment of validity of CRS-R. It will be performed with expert evaluation of the content of CRS-R by the investigators. –°riterion validity will be examined by assessing the correlations of CRS-R with the scales of other questionnaires with proven high psychometric properties for consciousness disorders: the Glasgow Coma Scale and Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) score.


60 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Adults recovering after coma in any period (persistent, permanent);
  • Vegetative state or minimal conscious state;
  • Locked-in syndrome.

Exclusion criteria

Coma, brain death.

Trial design

60 participants in 1 patient group

Validation group DOC
Examination with neurological scales.
Behavioral: Examination with neurological scales.

Trial contacts and locations



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