Vevorisertib (ARQ 751) as a Single Agent or in Combination With Other Anti-Cancer Agents, in Solid Tumors With PIK3CA / AKT / PTEN Mutations (MK-4440-001)

A

ArQule

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 1

Conditions

Cancer
Solid Tumors

Treatments

Drug: Fulvestrant
Drug: Vevorisertib
Drug: Paclitaxel

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT02761694
MK-4440-001 (Other Identifier)
4440-001
ARQ 751-101 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The primary objectives of this study are: Part 1 - Vevorisertib as single agent: To assess the safety and tolerability of vevorisertib in participants with advanced solid tumors with v-Akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) 1, 2, 3 genetic alterations, activating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) mutations, phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN)-null, or other known actionable PTEN mutations; Part 2 - Vevorisertib in combination with other anti-cancer agents: To assess the safety and tolerability of vevorisertib in combination with paclitaxel or fulvestrant in participants with advanced, inoperable, metastatic and/or recurrent solid tumors with phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) / PTEN actionable mutations and/or AKT genetic alterations.

Full description

This study was terminated due to business reasons, and pharmacokinetic (PK) testing was prioritized.

Enrollment

78 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Signed written informed consent granted prior to initiation of any study-specific procedures
  • 18 years of age and older
  • Histologically and/or cytologically documented diagnosis of a selected tumor type that is locally advanced, inoperable, metastatic or recurrent (including but not restricted to breast cancer, TNBC [triple negative]; HR-positive [HR+]/HER2-negative [HER2-] or endometrial cancer)

Documented AKT genetic alterations or known actionable PIK3CA/PTEN mutations by genetic testing

• Participants with tumors with PTEN null/PTEN loss-of-function mutations are not eligible

For combination arms; participants should be eligible for paclitaxel or fulvestrant therapy as per Investigator assessment

Failure to respond to standard systemic therapy, or for whom standard or curative systemic therapy does not exist or is not tolerable

  • Participants in single agent arm (with AKT genetic alterations) and participants in dose escalation cohorts of combination therapy arms should have at least one line of standard systemic therapy
  • Participants in single agent arm (with PIK3CA/PTEN actionable mutations) and participants in the expansion cohorts of combination therapy arms should have no more than 3 prior systemic regimens for the advanced disease
  • Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy are considered one regimen if they are a continuation of the same regimen with interval debulking surgery
  • If the participant is refractory or has disease progression within 6 months after completion of the adjuvant treatment, then the adjuvant treatment should be considered as the line of treatment rather than an adjuvant therapy.
  • Endocrine (hormonal) therapy does not count toward total lines of therapy
  • Maintenance therapy is considered part of the preceding regimen if one or more of the same drugs are continued
  • Has at least one measurable target lesion according to RECIST v. 1.1
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤ 1

Adequate organ function as indicated by the following laboratory values. (All laboratory tests must be obtained within 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment):

Hematological

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10⁹/L
  • Platelet count (Plt) ≥ 100 x 10⁹/L
  • Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9 g/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) 0.8 to upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 3 for participants receiving anticoagulant therapy such as Coumadin or heparin

Renal

Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with serum creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN

Hepatic

  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN or ≤ 5 x ULN for participants with known liver metastases

Metabolic

Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≤ 8% (≤ 64 mmol/mol)

If a participant is currently receiving bisphosphonates or any other drug for treatment of osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss and metastases to bone, the participant must have received the bisphosphonates for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment

• Initiation of bisphosphonates or similar agents during the study may be allowed provided the participant completes the first cycle of treatment without any dose limiting toxicity (DLT) and the Investigator rules out tumor progression

  • Male or female participants of child-producing potential must agree to use adequate contraception, including double-barrier contraceptive measures, oral contraception, or avoidance of intercourse during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study treatment
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test. "Women of childbearing potential" is defined as sexually mature women who have not undergone a hysterectomy or who have not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months prior to the first dose of study treatment

Exclusion Criteria

Anti-cancer therapy, such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, or investigational agents within five half-lives or four weeks, whichever is shorter, prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment

  • To be eligible for study treatment, toxicity from prior treatment(s) must recover to Grade ≤ 1, except for alopecia
  • Concurrent systemic high-dose corticosteroids (in dosing exceeding 10 mg QD of prednisone equivalent) when used intermittently in an antiemetic regimen, for central nervous system (CNS) metastases management, or as a part of the premedication regimen are allowed

Radiation therapy within four weeks, or palliative radiation therapy within two weeks, prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment

  • To be eligible for study treatment, radiation therapy-related toxicity must recover to Grade ≤ 1 prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment
  • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy for local pain-control or prevention of fracture (for known bone metastases) may be allowed provided the participant completes the first cycle of treatment, does not meet criteria of progressive disease, and treated lesions will not be included in the target/non-target lesion assessment

Major surgical procedure within four weeks prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment

• To be eligible for the study treatment, all surgical wounds must be fully healed, and any surgery-related adverse events must recover to Grade ≤ 1.

Unable or unwilling to swallow the complete daily dose of vevorisertib

Previous treatment with

  • AKT inhibitors (e.g., ARQ 092, MK-2206, GSK2141795, AZD5363; prior treatment with PI3K or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor are allowed)
  • Prior taxane therapy for the advanced, metastatic disease (for participants considered for vevorisertib +paclitaxel combination arm only)
  • Known prior allergic reaction to or severe intolerance of paclitaxel or fulvestrant. Intolerance is defined as a serious adverse event (AE), a grade 3 or 4 AE per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.4.03, or permanent treatment discontinuation
  • History of Type 1 diabetes mellitus or Type 2 diabetes mellitus requiring regular medication (other than oral hypoglycemic agents) or fasting glucose ≥ 160 mg/dL at Screening visit
  • Significant gastrointestinal disorder(s) that could, in the opinion of the Investigator, interfere with the absorption, metabolism, or excretion of vevorisertib (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, extensive gastric resection)

Known untreated or active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis

• To be eligible for the study treatment, participants must have stable disease ≥ 1 month, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan, and have CNS metastases well controlled by low-dose steroids, anti-epileptics, or other symptom-relieving medications

  • History of myocardial infarction (MI) or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV congestive heart failure within 6 months of the administration of the first dose of study treatment (MI occurring > 6 months of the first dose of study treatment will be permitted); Grade 2 or worse conduction defect (e.g., right or left bundle branch block)
  • A heart rate corrected QT (QTc) interval ≥ 480 msec, using the Fridericia's formula QTcF
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% as determined by Multiple Gated Acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO) in participants who received prior treatment with anthracyclines

Concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled illness not related to cancer and/or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements, including but not limited to:

  • Psychiatric illness, substance abuse
  • Ongoing or active known infection, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B or C virus
  • Significant pulmonary dysfunction, including pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease (ILD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Peripheral neuropathy grade ≥2 (vevorisertib+paclitaxel combination arm)
  • Bleeding diathesis, thrombocytopenia or coagulation disorders (vevorisertib+fulvestrant combination arm)
  • Thrombotic/coagulation disorders within 6 months prior to the first dose of study treatment unless stable on anticoagulation for > 3 months
  • Active or history of other malignancy other than the current cancer within 2 years of the first dose of study treatment, with the exception of carcinoma in-situ of the cervix, basal cell carcinoma, and superficial bladder tumors curatively treated
  • Blood transfusion or administration of growth factors within 5 days prior to a blood draw being used to confirm eligibility
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Sequential Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

78 participants in 12 patient groups

Part 1: Vevorisertib 5 mg QD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 5 mg orally once a day (QD) until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 1: Vevorisertib 10 mg QD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 10 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 1: Vevorisertib 20 mg QD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 20 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 1: Vevorisertib 25 mg QD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 25 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 1: Vevorisertib 25 mg QOD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 25 mg orally every other day (QOD) until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 1: Vevorisertib 50 mg QD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 50 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 1: Vevorisertib 75 mg QD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 75 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 1: Vevorisertib 100 mg QD
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 100 mg orally QD until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 2: Vevorisertib 50 mg QD plus Paclitaxel
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 50 mg orally QD plus paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 via intravenous (IV) infusion on Days 1, 7, 15 followed by a week of rest of each 28-day cycle until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Paclitaxel
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 2: Vevorisertib 75 mg QD plus Paclitaxel
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 75 mg orally QD plus paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Days 1, 7, and 15 followed by a week of rest of each 28-day cycle until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Paclitaxel
Drug: Vevorisertib
Part 2: Vevorisertib 50 mg QD plus Fulvestrant
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 50 mg orally QD plus fulvestrant 500 mg via intramuscular (IM) injection on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1, and Day 1 of each 28-day cycle thereafter until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Drug: Fulvestrant
Part 2: Vevorisertib 75 mg QD plus Fulvestrant
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive vevorisertib 75 mg orally QD plus fulvestrant 500 mg via IM injection on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1, and Day 1 of each 28-day cycle thereafter until discontinuation or toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: Vevorisertib
Drug: Fulvestrant

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

6

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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