Vitamin D Status and Metabolism in Human Pregnancy

C

Cornell University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Pregnancy

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03051867
OSP 74161

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of the present study is to understand the effect of pregnancy on vitamin D metabolism and requirements as well as the modulatory role of the placenta in vitamin D metabolism during pregnancy. In addition, a human placental cell culture model will be employed to examine vitamin D metabolic flux in human trophoblast cells. The impact of maternal vitamin D status on maternal and fetal bone health during gestation will also be examined.

Full description

Rationale Despite mounting evidence that maternal vitamin D status is linked to pregnancy outcomes [1,2], the impact of pregnancy on vitamin D metabolism and requirement has yet to be clearly defined. In addition, although the placenta is known to express all components of the vitamin D metabolic pathway [3,4], very little is known about placental vitamin D metabolism. Moreover, although vitamin D is known to affect bone health in the nonpregnant state, the effect of maternal vitamin D status on maternal and fetal bone health in human pregnancy is unclear [5-7]. Therefore, the present study seeks to advance current understanding of vitamin D metabolism and requirements during pregnancy. Objective and Research Questions This study aims to examine: 1) the effect of pregnancy on a comprehensive panel of blood biomarkers of vitamin D status and metabolism; 2) the role of the placenta in modulating circulating vitamin D metabolites; and 3) the impact of maternal vitamin D status on maternal and fetal markers of bone metabolism. Study Population, Design, and Exposure As a secondary analysis, this study uses biological samples obtained from pregnant and nonpregnant control women who participated in a 12-wk randomized controlled trial in 2009-2010 which featured two doses of choline (i.e., 480 or 930 mg choline/d) (NCT01127022) [8]. Throughout the controlled feeding period, 26 third-trimester pregnant women and 21 nonpregnant women (both reproductive groups aged > 21 y) in a good health status consumed equivalent intakes of vitamin D (511 IU/d), calcium (1.6 g/d) and phosphorus (1.9 g/d) from the study diet and prenatal multivitamin supplement (Pregnancy Plus; Fairhaven Health LLC) for ≥ 10 weeks. Dependent variables: Blood biomarkers of vitamin D metabolism at week 0 (study-baseline) and week 10 (representing study-end) Placental biomarkers of vitamin D metabolism at delivery Markers of bone metabolism in maternal and fetal cord blood as well as maternal urine Ethical considerations The study protocol of the original RCT was approved by the Institutional Review Board for Human Study Participant Use at Cornell University and the Cayuga Medical Center where pregnant women delivered their babies. Informed consent was obtained from all participants before study entry, and the original study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01127022. For this secondary analysis, deidentified data will be used. Dissemination Findings Findings from the present study will be reported in manuscripts that will be submitted for publication to a leading medical/nutrition journal in an appropriate field (i.e. nutrition, bone, placenta, and reproductive physiology). In addition, findings will be presented as abstracts, posters, and presentations at research conferences.

Enrollment

47 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

21+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age of 21-40 y
  • Healthiness as assessed by health-related questionnaire, a blood chemistry profile, and a complete blood count
  • Normal liver and kidney function
  • Willingness to comply with the study protocol
  • Singleton pregnancy (pregnant women only)

Exclusion criteria

  • Use of tobacco, drug, or alcohol
  • Use of prescription medications known to affect liver function
  • Pregnancy associated complications

Trial design

47 participants in 2 patient groups

Third-trimester pregnant women
Description:
Women differing in their reproductive state (pregnant versus nonpregnant) will consume equivalent dietary intakes of vitamin D and related nutrients as part of a feeding study.
Nonpregnant control women
Description:
Women differing in their reproductive state (pregnant versus nonpregnant) will consume equivalent dietary intakes of vitamin D and related nutrients as part of a feeding study.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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