Vorinostat and Bortezomib in Treating Young Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Solid Tumors, Including Central Nervous System Tumors and Lymphoma

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma
Recurrent Childhood Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma
Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway Glioma
Childhood Medulloepithelioma
Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor
Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma
Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor
Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma
Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor
Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma
Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma
Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma
Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma
Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor
Childhood Mixed Glioma
Childhood Meningioma
Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma
Recurrent Childhood Pineoblastoma
Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma
Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma
Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Malignant Germ Cell Tumor
Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor
Childhood Craniopharyngioma
Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor
Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Childhood Oligodendroglioma
Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma

Treatments

Drug: bortezomib
Other: pharmacological study
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Drug: vorinostat

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00994500
ADVL0916
COG-ADVL0916
CDR0000656719
NCI-2011-01980
U01CA097452 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vorinostat when given together with bortezomib in treating young patients with refractory or recurrent solid tumors, including CNS tumors and lymphoma. Vorinostat and bortezomib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the maximum-tolerated dose and/or recommended phase II dose of vorinostat in combination with bortezomib in pediatric patients with refractory or recurrent solid tumors, including central nervous system tumors and lymphoma. II. To define and describe the toxicities of this regimen in these patients. III. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To preliminarily define the antitumor activity of this regimen within the confines of a phase I study. II. To assess the biologic activity of bortezomib by measuring NF-κB activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). III. To assess the biologic activity of bortezomib by measuring endoplasmic reticulum stress response using the GRP78 molecular chaperone marker in PBMC. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of vorinostat. Patients receive oral vorinostat once daily on days 1-5 and 8-12 and bortezomib IV over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8, and 11. Courses repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Blood samples are collected at baseline and during course 1 of study for further analysis. After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up within 30 days.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

All

Ages

1 to 21 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically confirmed solid tumors, including CNS tumors or lymphoma

Histological confirmation not required for the following diagnoses

  • Intrinsic brain stem tumors
  • Optic pathway gliomas
  • Pineal tumors and elevations of cerebral spinal fluid or serum tumor markers, including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin, allowed
  • Relapsed or refractory disease
  • Must have measurable or evaluable tumor
  • No known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life

Karnofsky performance status (PS) 60-100% for patients > 16 years of age OR Lansky PS60-100% for patients ≤ 16 years of age

  • Neurologic deficits inpatients with CNS tumors must have been relatively stable for a minimum of 1week
  • Patients who are unable to walk because ofparalysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for thepurpose of assessing the performance score
  • ANC ≥ 1,000/μL

Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within the past 7 days)

Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease allowed provided they meet the blood count criteria and are not known to be refractory to platelet transfusion

Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (may receive RBC transfusions)

Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease allowed provided they meet the blood count criteria and are not know to be refractory to RBC or platelet transfusion

Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR ≥ 70 mL/min OR serum creatinine based on age and/or gender as follows:

  • 0.6 mg/dL (1 to < 2 years of age)
  • 0.8 mg/dL (2 to < 6 years of age)
  • 1.0 mg/dL (6 to < 10 years of age)
  • 1.2 mg/dL (10 to < 13 years of age)
  • 1.5 (male) or 1.4 (female) (13 to < 16 years of age)
  • 1.7 (male) or 1.4 (female) ( ≥ 16 years of age)
  • Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) ≤ 1.5 times upper limit ofnormal
  • ALT ≤ 110 U/L
  • Serum albumin ≥ 2 g/dL
  • QTc interval ≤ 450 milliseconds
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Must be able to swallow capsules or liquids
  • Able to comply withthe safety-monitoring requirements of the study, in the opinion of the investigator
  • No peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2 within the past 14 days
  • No known hypersensitivity to vorinostat or bortezomib
  • No uncontrolled infection
  • No concurrent enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants
  • Must be recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy
  • More than 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosourea)

At least 7 days since prior therapy with any of the following:

Hematopoietic growth factors

Biologic (anti-neoplastic) agent

  • For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur
  • Corticosteroids unless on a stable or decreasing dose
  • At least 7 days or 3 half-lives, whichever is longer, since prior monoclonal antibodies
  • At least 2 weeks since prior local palliative radiotherapy (small port)
  • At least 6 months since prior total-body irradiation therapy, craniospinal radiotherapy, or ≥ 50% of pelvis irradiated
  • At least 6 weeks since prior substantial bone marrow radiotherapy
  • At least 3 months since prior stem cell transplantation or rescue and no evidence of active graft-vs-host disease
  • At least 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent valproic acid
  • At least 6 weeks since priorimmunotherapy (e.g., tumor vaccines)
  • No prior vorinostat
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs or other anticancer agents, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or biologic therapy

Trial design

20 participants in 1 patient group

Treatment (vorinostat, bortezomib)
Experimental group
Description:
Patients receive oral vorinostat once daily on days 1-5 and 8-12 and bortezomib IV over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8, and 11. Courses repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: vorinostat
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Drug: bortezomib

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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