Water and Sudafed in Autonomic Failure

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Vanderbilt University

Status and phase

Terminated
Early Phase 1

Conditions

Multiple System Atrophy
Shy-Drager Syndrome

Treatments

Drug: Pseudoephedrine + 480 ml water
Other: Placebo + 50 ml water (optional)
Drug: Pseudoephedrine + 50 ml water
Other: Placebo + 480 ml water (optional)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT02149901
P01HL056693 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
140547
UL1TR000445 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The specific aim of this study is to determine whether water ingestion potentiates the pressor response to pseudoephedrine in patients with primary disorders of autonomic failure. The study design will enable us to also evaluate the pressor response to water alone and to pseudoephedrine alone. In a secondary analysis, we will compare the results in patients with two autonomic disorders, pure autonomic failure (PAF) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). We hypothesize that drinking water following a dose of pseudoephedrine will lead to a greater increase in blood pressure than pseudoephedrine alone.

Full description

The maximal pressor response to water is reached when other pressor agents are only beginning to act. In addition to the therapeutic value of water ingestion alone, the blood pressure-raising effects of agents that increase sympathetic nervous system tone, such as phenylpropanolamine, are potentiated by water drinking. These drug interaction effects can be exploited in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension with the combination of water and a sympathomimetic potentially able to increase blood pressure to a greater extent and for a longer period of time than either water or the medication alone. However, the interaction can also lead to potentially dangerous blood pressure surges. This protocol requires an initial screening history and physical of study participants, including safety labs and EKGs, and evaluation of their autonomic nervous system status following the consent process. If the patient meets study criteria and is willing to undergo study testing, the 4-way crossover protocol will follow. Study Testing days 1 and 2 Arm 1: Pseudoephedrine 30 mg PO + 50 ml water Arm 2: Pseudoephedrine 30 mg PO + 480 ml water Testing will be performed at the same time of day for all studies, at least 2 hours after a meal to avoid any confounding effects from postprandial hypotension. A saline lock will be inserted for blood sampling at least 30 minutes before baseline data collection. Participants will be asked to empty their bladders before beginning the test to avoid any effect of a full urinary bladder on peripheral sympathetic activity. Participants will be seated comfortably in a chair. They will be asked to remain in the seated position for the duration of the study. The Dinamap electrocardiographic and blood pressure (brachial cuff) recorder will be attached to the patient and set up for measurements every 5 minutes throughout the study with digital download into the ADC (Autonomic Dysfunction Center) BP database. Participants will also be instrumented with EKG, finger cuff and sensor for continuous monitoring of blood pressure, heart rate, respiration, SpO2, stroke volume, systemic vascular resistance, and cardiac output, using a Nexfin system and Ivy Biomedical Vital-Guard monitor. After a 30 minute baseline monitoring period (time -30 min to 0 min), 4 ½ teaspoons of blood will be collected for osmolality measurement and assays of hormones that regulate blood pressure. The subject will then be given 30 mg of pseudoephedrine PO (time 0 min). Monitoring will be continued for 45 minutes. At 45 minutes, the participant will be asked to drink 50 ml (Arm 1) or 480 ml (Arm 2) of water. Additional blood samples (4 ½ teaspoons) for osmolality and BP-regulating hormones will be collected 30 and 60 minutes after water (+75 and +105 minutes of study). Monitoring will be continued until + 135 min. At 135 minutes, the study will end for the day. The timing of pseudoephedrine administration relative to water ingestion and the duration of the monitoring period are based on previous results3 and pharmacokinetic data7 reporting a Tmax for pseudoephedrine between 1 and 2 hours. Testing on study day 2 will be identical with the participant consuming the alternate water volume. Study Testing days 3 and 4 are optional Arm 3: Placebo PO + 50 ml water Arm 4: Placebo PO + 480 ml water Testing will be performed according to the same schedule as for Arms 1 and 2. Instrumentation will be limited to the Dinamap electrocardiographic and blood pressure (brachial cuff) recorder set up for measurements every 5 minutes throughout the study for Arms 3 and 4.

Enrollment

35 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-80 years, with
  • Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension, ≥30 mmHg drop in SBP within 5 minutes of standing,
  • Associated with impaired autonomic reflexes, as determined by absence of blood pressure overshoot during phase IV of the valsalva maneuver,
  • Absence of other identifiable causes of autonomic neuropathy, and
  • Able and willing to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pregnancy
  • Current smoking habit
  • Systemic illnesses known to produce autonomic neuropathy, including but not limited to diabetes mellitus, amyloidosis, monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, and autoimmune neuropathies.
  • Known intolerance to pseudoephedrine
  • Pre-existing sustained severe hypertension (BP > 180/110 mmHg in the sitting position)
  • Clinically unstable coronary artery disease or major cardiovascular or neurological event in the past 6 months.
  • Any other significant systemic, hepatic, cardiac or renal illness
  • Use of MAO-I (i.e. selegiline; rasagiline - Azilect, linezolid and others) within 14 days
  • Known closed-angle glaucoma
  • Clinically meaningful arrhythmias
  • Other factors which in the investigator's opinion would prevent the participant from completing the protocol, including poor compliance during previous studies or an unpredictable schedule

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

35 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Pseudoephedrine + 480 ml water
Experimental group
Description:
Pseudoephedrine 30 mg PO 45 minutes before water 480 ml
Treatment:
Drug: Pseudoephedrine + 480 ml water
Pseudoephedrine + 50 ml water
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Pseudoephedrine 30 mg PO 45 minutes before water 50 ml
Treatment:
Drug: Pseudoephedrine + 50 ml water
Placebo + 480 ml water (optional)
Experimental group
Description:
Placebo PO 45 minutes before water 480 ml
Treatment:
Other: Placebo + 480 ml water (optional)
Placebo + 50 ml water (optional)
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo PO 45 minutes before water 50 ml
Treatment:
Other: Placebo + 50 ml water (optional)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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