Whole Body Vibration and External Load Exercise Training on Cardiovascular and Autonomic Function in Obese Individuals

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Florida State University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Obesity

Treatments

Other: Loaded-Whole Body Vibration (WBVT)
Other: Unloaded-Whole Body Vibration (WBVT)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02679898
HSC201311173

Details and patient eligibility

About

Obesity is directly related to arterial dysfunction and negatively associated to muscle strength. High-intensity resistance exercise is the favored modality to offset muscle weakness, yet, adverse effects on arterial function (pulse wave velocity, wave reflection, and aortic and brachial blood pressures) have been observed. Conventional unloaded-whole body vibration training (WBVT) has improved arterial function in overweight/obese women but appears to be low-intensity. Nevertheless, the effects of moderate-intensity (by adding external load) WBVT on arterial and muscle function are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine whether loaded-WBVT would induce greater benefits than unloaded-WBVT on arterial and muscle function in young overweight/obese women. Furthermore, we examined whether these changes were similar to healthy lean young women.

Full description

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 6 weeks of loaded-WBVT on arterial stiffness, peripheral and aortic blood pressures, wave reflection, endothelial function, and muscle strength in overweight/obese women. The specific aims of the study were: To examine whether 6 weeks of loaded-WBVT was more beneficial than unloaded-WBVT in decreasing cardiovascular risk factors by assessing arterial stiffness (aortic, leg, and systemic), aortic blood pressures and wave reflection, brachial blood pressures, autonomic function, endothelial function, and blood flow (leg and arm). To determine the extent to which 6 weeks of loaded-WBVT improved body composition measured by changes in fat and lean mass utilizing dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and waist circumference. To evaluate the effect of 6 wees of loaded-WBVT on muscle strength by using the one-repetition maximum test (leg press and chest press exercises).

Enrollment

60 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 25 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Female
  • 18 to 25 years of age
  • Sedentary (less than 120 min per wk)
  • 15 lean (Body mass index of 18-25 kg/m²)
  • 45 overweight/obese (Body mass index of 27-39.9 kg/m²)

Exclusion criteria

  • Younger than 18 or older than 25 years of age
  • Body mass index lower than 18 or higher than 39.9
  • Physically active or competitively active
  • Smokers
  • Pregnant
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Use of dietary supplementations (e.g.,L-arginine,L-citrulline,antioxidants)
  • Any contraindications to exercise and/or whole-body vibration exercise

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

60 participants in 4 patient groups

Lean Control
No Intervention group
Description:
This arm involves not making any changes to the subject's lifestyle at the moment of the start of the intervention and for 6 weeks.
Overweight/Obese Control
No Intervention group
Description:
This arm involves not making any changes to the subject's lifestyle at the moment of the start of the intervention and for 6 weeks.
Unloaded-Whole Body Vibration (WBVT)
Experimental group
Description:
Lower-body exercise training on a vibration platform
Treatment:
Other: Unloaded-Whole Body Vibration (WBVT)
Loaded-Whole Body Vibration (WBVT)
Experimental group
Description:
Externally loaded lower-body exercise training on a vibration platform
Treatment:
Other: Loaded-Whole Body Vibration (WBVT)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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