WiseApp for Spanish Speakers Living With HIV

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Columbia University

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
HIV Infections

Treatments

Behavioral: WiseApp

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05398185
AAAT8632
1R18HS028523-01 (U.S. AHRQ Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study aims to conduct a 12-month randomized controlled trial to adapt the mobile app, WiseApp, and a smart pill dispenser for Spanish-speaking people living with HIV (PLWH) in the New York City (NYC) area and La Romana, Dominican Republic (DR). The study will assess the efficacy and sustainability of WiseApp as well as identify barriers with its widespread use among Spanish speakers. With disproportionately high rates of HIV in the New York City area and the Dominican Republic, this project seeks to identify distinct contextual factors related to Spanish speaking people living with HIV and increase the likelihood of engagement with technology and improvements in clinical outcomes.

Full description

While efforts have been made, deficits remain in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and viral suppression among PLWH. There are gaps in HIV treatment success that are particularly present in racial and ethnic minority populations, especially among Latinos in the Northeast United States (US) and the Caribbean. The progression and premature deaths among PLWH have been attributed to insufficient engagement in medical care and adherence to HIV treatments. Access and adherence to ART are important to therapeutic success and help determine long-term health outcomes in PLWH. The investigators studied racial/ethnic minorities and their providers to identify the impact a mobile app can have to improve health outcomes. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) helped create this app and integrated it with a smart pill box (CleverCap) which allows PLWH to monitor their medication adherence. The tool, WiseApp, is a better method than other ART adherence methods because the app is linked to the smart pill box and is currently being evaluated in random-control trials (RCT) in New York City. There is also a need to develop and test self-management interventions for Spanish speaking Latino PLWH because they are the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority group in the US and are disproportionately affected by HIV. The investigators suggest the transfer of WiseApp to Latinos in the US and the DR by translating it to Spanish and making it culturally accessible. The project will use health information technology to facilitate the collection of medication adherence, quality of life, and symptom burden data. This study aims to adapt WiseApp for Spanish speaking PLWH and conduct RCT to assess the app's efficacy and sustainability. The study will identify barriers and facilitators to the widespread use of the app and builds on the strong linkage between Columbia University and Clínica de Familia in the DR. This project is also enhanced by utilizing the strong presence of Latinos in the Washington Heights neighborhood of NYC, the disproportionately high rates of HIV in the DR, and patterns of movement of people between NYC and the DR. Additionally, the study focuses on AHRQ priority populations such as chronically ill, inner-city, low-income, and racial/ethnic minority persons.

Enrollment

248 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Able to speak, read, and write in Spanish;
  • Aged ≥18 years;
  • Willing to participate in any assigned arm of the intervention;
  • Have an HIV-1 RNA level >50 copies/mL;
  • Own a smartphone; and
  • Ability and willingness to provide informed consent for study participation and consent for access to medical records.

Exclusion criteria

  • Reside in a nursing home, prison, and/or receiving in-patient psychiatric care at time of enrollment;
  • Terminal illness with life expectancy <6 months;
  • Planning to move out of the area in the next 12 months;
  • A cognitive state minimum score measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to ensure participants are oriented to time and place.
  • Spouses/partners may not enroll in this study. The study will be limited to only 1 person from the same family/domestic household.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

248 participants in 2 patient groups

Control
No Intervention group
Description:
The control includes standard health services offered at each site (e.g., mental health services, case-management, referral to clinical care) and a brief adherence educational session.
Intervention
Experimental group
Description:
WiseApp that delivers medication adherence reminders
Treatment:
Behavioral: WiseApp

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Central trial contact

Rebecca Schnall, PhD, MPH; Felix Olaya, MPH

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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