YH1 in Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes

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Chang Gung Medical Foundation

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Type 2 Diabetes

Treatments

Drug: placebo group
Drug: YH1 group

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02752880
104-7934A3,105-7009C,106-0917C

Details and patient eligibility

About

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that seriously affects patients worldwide, and it is always among the top 10 causes of death in Taiwan. To date, still many patients who take more than three kinds of oral hypoglycemic agents could not effectively control their glycohemoglobin levels in clinics. Hypoglycemia as well as weight gain are common side effect with insulin therapy, and many patients in Taiwan are not willing to receive insulin injection. It is common for diabetic patients treated with Chinese herbal medicine in China currently, and some therapeutic effects have been published in international journals. In this study, we will evaluate whether Chinese herbal medicine, YH1, enhances the glycemic control and is safe as add-on medication in poorly controlled type 2 diabetes patients. A total of 46 poorly controlled type 2 diabetes patients with glycohemoglobin ≥ 7% from Endocrinology and Metabolism clinics or Internal Chinese Medicine clinics will be enrolled in this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Subjects will be randomly assigned to receive either YH1 (6 g) or the placebo three times per day for 12 consecutive weeks. All subjects in both groups will also continuously receive their oral hypoglycemic agents without any dose or medicine change. During this 12-week period, the glycohemoglobin, fasting plasma glucose, 2h postprandial glucose, waist circumference, body weight, and body mass index will be assessed. In addition, insulin resistance, β -cell function, lipid profile, liver and renal function will also be evaluated. Independent statisticians will perform the data analysis at the end of the trial.

Full description

The YH1 in one batch number was used, manufactured by Sun Ten Pharmaceutical Co., LTD., a renowned GMP manufacturer of concentrated herbal extract granules conforming to international standards. The YH1 was prepared in small granules, including concentrated herbal extract granules of Rhizoma Coptidis (50%) and SLBZS (50%). Both medicines have already been approved by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in Taiwan as ethical drugs. YH1 granules were packed in aluminum foil packages. The placebo was also prepared as granules by Sun Ten Pharmaceutical Co., LTD., and the packaging of the placebo was identical to that of YH1. The chemical composition of YH1 was analyzed and profiled by using a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array (PDA) detection. Fourteen components, allantoin, atractylenolide III, berberine, coptisine, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rg1, glycyrrhizin, liquiritin, pachymic acid, palmatine, platycodin D, magnoflorin and quercitrin, were simultaneously used in the qualitative analysis under the developed HPLC-PDA method. As for the quantitative detection, each gram of YH1 contained 20.05 mg berberine.

Enrollment

46 patients

Sex

All

Ages

20 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 20-75 years of age;
  • Diagnosed as type 2 diabetics based on World Health Organization criteria [1];
  • Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 23 kg/m2;
  • Have been treated with ≥ 3 kinds of oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) with persistent (> 6 months) high HbA1c (≥ 7.0 %).

Exclusion criteria

  • Type 1 diabetes, gestational diabetes, or other specific types of diabetes;
  • Have received insulin therapy in the past three months;
  • Have serious gastrointestinal (GI) tract diseases, such as peptic ulcers or GI tract bleeding;
  • Experience stressful situations, including diabetic ketoacidosis, nonketotic hyperosmolar diabetic coma, severe infection, or surgery in the previous one month;
  • Suffer from hepatic insufficiency with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 2 times the upper limit of normal or renal insufficiency with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60;
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure ≥ 160/100 mmHg);
  • Mental illness, abused or addicted to alcohol, psychoactive substances or other drugs;
  • Pregnant, lactating, or plan to become pregnant;
  • Hemoglobin disease or chronic anemia;
  • Have underlying conditions that could lead to poor compliance;
  • History of cerebrovascular disease or myocardial infarction;
  • Have undergone Chinese medicine treatment in the past two weeks.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

46 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

YH1 group
Experimental group
Description:
YH1 with one batch number was manufactured by Sun Ten Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., a renowned manufacturer of concentrated herbal extract granules conforming to the standards of good manufacturing practices (GMP) in New Taipei City, Taiwan. YH1 contains Rhizoma Coptidis (50 %) and Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San (SLBZS) (50 %). SLBZS consists of Radix Ginseng, Poria, Rhizoma Atractylodis macrocephalae, Semen Lablab album, Rhizoma Dioscoreae, Embryo Nelumbinis, Radix Platycodonis, Semen Coicis, Fructus Amomi, Fructus Jujubae, and Radix Glycyrrhizae at a 3:3:3:2.3:3:1.5:1.5:1.5:1.5:1.5:3 ratio. Subjects in the YH1 group orally ingested two packages of granules (3 g/package) three times daily with warm water after a meal for 12 consecutive weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: YH1 group
placebo group
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
The placebo was also prepared as granules by Sun Ten Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and the packaging of the placebo was identical to that of YH1. Subjects in the placebo group orally ingested two packages of granules (3 g/package) three times daily with warm water after a meal for 12 consecutive weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: placebo group

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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