Yoga for Smoking Cessation Feasibility Study

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Lifespan

Status

Completed

Conditions

Smoking Cessation

Treatments

Behavioral: Wellness
Behavioral: Yoga
Other: Smoking cessation therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01030068
R21AT003669

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to test whether it is feasible to provide a smoking cessation program together with a yoga program to help women quit smoking. We anticipate that women will be enthusiastic about the program and that we will be able to recruit and treat women for smoking cessation within the designated time frame.

Full description

Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among adults in the United States. Smoking, and quitting smoking may be especially problematic for women. Our prior research has demonstrated that traditional aerobic exercise (e.g., brisk walking, bicycling) improves cessation outcomes among women. Exercise appears to reduce the effects of nicotine withdrawal and improves cessation outcomes by improving mood and reducing weight gain. yoga that shares many of the same properties of the traditional aerobic exercise that has been shown to be an efficacious adjunct to smoking cessation treatment. Moreover, some features of yoga, including a focus on breathing, meditation, stress reduction and enhanced mood are likely to have special relevance to smokers who are trying to quit. Thus, yoga may prove to be a more efficacious complimentary treatment for smoking cessation than traditional aerobic exercise. The goal of this proposal is to conduct an initial investigation of the efficacy of providing Yoga as an adjunct to cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for smoking cessation. Adult women smokers (n=72) will be recruited through newspaper advertisements and will be randomly assigned to either: (1) CBT plus Yoga , or (2) CBT plus contact control. All study participants will be given a sub-maximal exercise stress test to ensure that they are safe to exercise. Yoga sessions will be conducted twice weekly for 12 weeks, and will be lead by certified instructors in yoga. Smoking cessation sessions will be conducted once per week for 12 weeks and will be lead by Masters or PhD level specialists in smoking cessation. Differences in post-treatment (12 week) cessation rates (7-day point prevalence abstinence) will provide data for estimates of effect size between conditions. This effect size estimate is necessary in order to calculate power estimates for a major clinical trial.

Enrollment

30 estimated patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • healthy female smokers
  • ages 18-65
  • smoke 10+ cigarettes a day
  • sedentary (not exercising more than 2 times per week)

Exclusion criteria

  • major depression
  • hypertension
  • more than 1 year previous yoga experience
  • current experience with yoga or smoking cessation treatment

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

30 participants in 2 patient groups

Yoga
Experimental group
Description:
Yoga plus smoking cessation
Treatment:
Other: Smoking cessation therapy
Behavioral: Yoga
Wellness
Active Comparator group
Description:
Health & Wellness classes plus smoking cessation therapy
Treatment:
Other: Smoking cessation therapy
Behavioral: Wellness

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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