The trial is taking place at:

Evolution Research Group | Woodland International Research Group

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A Study to Evaluate Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of PRF-110 for Post-surgical Pain



Status and phase

Phase 3




Drug: Ropivacaine

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


PRF-110 is a viscous, yellowish clear oily solution of ropivacaine intended for administration into surgical sites to provide post-operative analgesia. The pharmacokinetic profile for PRF-110 suggests that its effect could last up to 72 hours. This is A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Saline Placebo- and Active-Controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of Intra-operative Administration of PRF-110 Following Unilateral Bunionectomy

Full description

PRF-110 is a unique, sustained-release, oil-based solution formulation of ropivacaine intended for administration into surgical sites for the prevention of postoperative pain. The formulation is designed to have an effect for up to 72 hours. It is postulated that PRF-110 will improve postoperative pain management by providing prolonged pain relief at the surgical site; thereby, reducing the amount of systemic analgesia needed after surgery. The slow, local release of ropivacaine following administration of PRF-110 has been demonstrated in dissolution studies, in postoperative pain studies in animals, in an experimental pain study in human volunteers, and in an open-label Phase 2 hernia repair trial to result in very low plasma concentrations of drug, therefore reducing the probability of systemic adverse events. This is a randomized, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PRF-110 compared with saline placebo and with ropivacaine hydrochloride injection administered intraoperatively in subjects undergoing unilateral bunionectomy.


415 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria to be eligible for inclusion into the study:

  • Able to provide written informed consent prior to any study procedures.
  • Able to communicate clearly with the Investigators and study staff.
  • Males and females aged 18 years or older.
  • Scheduled for elective primary unilateral first metatarsal bunionectomy surgery (osteotomy and internal fixation) with no ancillary procedures.
  • Female subjects must be surgically sterile; or at least 2 years postmenopausal; or have a monogamous partner who is surgically sterile; or practicing doublebarrier contraception; or practicing abstinence (must agree to use double-barrier contraception in the event of sexual activity); or using an insertable, injectable, transdermal, or combination oral contraceptive approved by the FDA for greater than two months prior to screening and commit to the use of an acceptable form of birth control for the duration of the study and for 30 days after completion of the study.
  • Negative alcohol breath/saliva test and urine drug screen for drugs of abuse at Screening and at Baseline. Subjects with positive results on the alcohol breath/saliva test or urine drug screen at Screening, and/or prior to surgery, will not be allowed to proceed in the study unless the results can be explained by a current prescription or acceptable over-the-counter medication as determined by the Investigator. Note that for those subjects who test positive for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), if they are willing to abstain from use or consumption of THC-containing products from Screening thru last Follow-up Visit, they may be allowed to participate in the study.
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status of I or II (see Appendix, Section 14.1).
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) ≤35.

Exclusion criteria

subject will be excluded from the study if any of the following criteria are met:

  • Has clinically significant allergies to an opioid, unless has subsequently tolerated other opioids and, in the opinion of the Investigator, could tolerate a rescue drug containing oxycodone.
  • Has a known or suspected allergy to any local anesthetic or to acetaminophen.
  • Has a known or suspected history of alcohol, opiate or other drug abuse or dependence within 12 months prior to screening.
  • Is unable to refrain from alcohol consumption for a period beginning 24 hours prior to surgery through the end of the 72 -hour evaluation period.
  • Has taken any analgesic or non-opioid pain medication other than acetaminophen (e.g., NSAIDs, cyclooxygenase-2 [COX 2] inhibitors) within 12 hours prior to surgery or any aspirin-containing product within 7 days of the Baseline assessments. Aspirin up to 325 mg once daily for cardiovascular prophylaxis is allowed.
  • Has taken any opioid analgesics or used systemic steroids within 4 days of surgery.
  • Has been using opiates or any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug chronically (more than 10 consecutive days) anytime over the past 3 months.
  • Has used antipsychotics or antiepileptics within 30 days prior to surgery. Use of sedatives, hypnotics, antianxiety agents, and antidepressants (other than monoamine oxidase inhibitors [MAOIs]) are allowed if being used for a nonpain indication and at a stable dose within the previous 30 days.
  • Has history of or positive test results for HIV or hepatitis B or C at Screening.
  • Has any history of epilepsy, other than childhood febrile seizures, before the age of 6.
  • Has any history of psychosis, current clinically significant symptomatic psychiatric disorder, or a history of suicide attempt in the past 10 years.
  • Has taken herbal agents or nutraceuticals (e.g., chapparal, comfrey, germander, jin bu huan, kava, pennyroyal, skullcap, St. John's wort, or valerian) during any of the 7 days prior to surgery that could potentially confound the analgesic response in the Investigator's opinion.
  • Has transaminase levels > 2 x ULN, or bilirubin level > 1.5 x ULN (unless Gilbert's syndrome), or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min. Has poorly controlled diabetes with hemoglobin A1c >7.5%.

15. Has any clinically significant condition including an acute or chronic painful physical restrictive condition or any other significant laboratory abnormality that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, confound study assessments or adversely affect subject safety. 16. Has received another investigational drug within 30 days of scheduled surgery.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

415 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Experimental group
PRF-110 3.6% ropivacaine, to be applied into the surgical wound
Drug: Ropivacaine
Saline .9%
Placebo Comparator group
Saline .9%, to b be applied into the surgical wound
Drug: Ropivacaine
Active Comparator group
Ropivacaine Hydrochloride 0.5%, up to 10 mL, to be applied into the surgical site
Drug: Ropivacaine

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Sigal Aviel, PhD

Data sourced from

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